Coton de Tulear - Dog Breed Info, Temperament & Facts

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Coton de Tulear dogs are known for their beautiful white coats and gentle, energetic nature. They originated in Madagascar and are related to breeds like the Bichon Frise, Maltese, and Havanese. These dogs are great with kids and other animals, and they love their family. They form strong bonds with their owners and may struggle when left alone for long periods of time. If kids need to be alone at home, it may be better to have a different pet. However, these dogs can fit well into any loving home, whether it’s an apartment or a ranch, as long as they receive love and exercise.

Taking care of their distinctive coats involves regular brushing to prevent tangles. They also need routine dental care and nail trimming, just like any other dog. In general, Coton de Tulear dogs are hypoallergenic, don’t shed much, drool, or have a strong odor, and they require low maintenance.

Below, we look at Coton de Tulear dog breed, its history, personality, pros and cons of owning an Coton de Tulear, characteristics, and must-know facts. We will also examine how to care for this breed and more. Prepare for a tail-wagging adventure into the world of Coton de Tulears!

Dog Breed Coton de Tulear
Size Small
Weight 8-11 lbs (average)
Height 8-11″ (average)
Location Madagascar
Ancestry Bichon Frise, Maltese, Havanese
Date of Origin 1600s
Group Companion
Life Expectancy 14-16 years
Price $2400 – $3000
Family Canidae
Scientific Name Canis Lupus Familiaris

📖 Breed History

The Coton de Tulear is believed to have originated in Madagascar several hundred years ago, although the exact way they arrived there remains a mystery. One theory suggests that these small white dogs were brought to the island as companions for women on sea voyages, while another story suggests that they were the only survivors of a shipwreck and swam to the shores of Tulear, where they adapted to life on the island. They either lived on the streets, scavenging for food and eating small wild boar, or served as pets in wealthy households. They were even known as “the Royal dog of Madagascar. ” These early experiences of scavenging and adapting to island life are believed to have contributed to the intelligence, alertness, and adaptability that the modern Coton de Tulear still possesses. The tropical environment of Madagascar is also thought to have influenced the development of their cottony coat.

In the 1970s, a Frenchman visiting Madagascar discovered the Coton de Tulear and brought some of them back to France, leading to the official recognition of the breed. Around the same time, they also made their way to North America. Today, these sweet small dogs are known worldwide as a distinct breed, but can still be found in their native land of Madagascar.

🐕 Coton de Tulear Appearance

Their lovely white fur is recognized for being fluffy and cottony. They have a naturally long and dense coat that is normally pure white but can occasionally show light gray or red roan shading, which is primarily seen around the ears. The Coton de Tulear puppy can be completely white or have patches on its head, torso, and ears that can be rusty, brown, gray, yellow, or black in color. These spots will gradually vanish as they age or turn a medium to light grey or champagne tone. They are little yet strong, with a joyful look on their face that exactly matches their lovely attitude. These dogs have a physique that is somewhat longer than it is tall and gorgeous black eyes that are rounded in appearance. The Coton de Tulear has a tail that is carried naturally low with a modest upward hook at the end and a topline that arches slightly over the loin.

👀 Eye Color Brown
🐽 Nose Color Black
🐕 Coat Color White, Gray, Red

Fun Fact: Coton de Tulear dogs are a social breed. They enjoy being around people or other animals. This breed doesn’t tolerate being left alone.

🐶 Traits & Temperament of Coton de Tulear

These lovely, fashionable canines adore spending time with their families and cling to their owners. The Coton de Tulear and their family will create close relationships with you, and you won’t want to keep them apart. Long periods of alone might lead to disruptive behavior and a lot of barking. Although they get along well with other pets as well, they prefer human interaction. If they are frequently left alone, having another pet around will make them happy. They are intelligent dogs that are simple to teach and will appreciate compliments and treats for excellent conduct. Although they might yap once or twice if they see or hear anything fascinating, dogs of this breed don’t often bark. They usually get along well with strangers and are willing to show their affection to anyone who would accept it. Compared to male Coton de Tulear, females tend to be more independent and assertive. As with any dog, these dogs will become sociable and friendly in all circumstances with exposure to a variety of people, environments, and situations. They will get along well with kids as long as the kids respect them. Coton de Tulear may dislike younger people who could unintentionally kick them or pet them too forcefully, but he will appreciate playing with older or more mature kids who know how to behave. Keep your kids from tugging on dogs’ tails, ears, or legs by teaching them how to approach and play with them respectfully.

🤝 Are Coton de Tulears Friendly or Aggressive?

Coton de Tulear dogs are known for their friendly nature and get along well with strangers, children, cats, and other dogs. They are a great choice for families with children as they are kid-friendly and can easily adapt to a household with other pets. If you are looking to expand your furry family or participate in dog meetups, the Coton de Tulear is a wonderful option as they are dog-friendly and enjoy socializing with other canines. Additionally, this breed is often recommended for elderly people, as they are well-suited for companionship and can provide comfort and joy to older individuals.

This breed is known for being:

  • Playful
  • Intelligent
  • Affectionate
  • Lively
  • Trainable
  • Vocal

🐩 Coton de Tulear Care & Maintenance

The Coton de Tulear is a petite, family-oriented breed that thrives indoors where they may be protected, cozy, and cherished by their family. These dogs can make wonderful companions for persons who live in apartments or tiny homes because to their small size and pleasant temperament, however any caring environment would do. Homes where they will be left alone outside should have a gated yard since they occasionally prefer to stray. Although some people find it difficult to house train these dogs, they are clever and should not have too much issue learning as long as they have plenty of opportunities to go outside, follow a schedule, and receive praise when they relieve themselves in the proper location. Potty training issues may be resolved through crate training. Coton de Tulear like making their family happy, and you can teach them anything by using positive reinforcement. Although they like to play and exercise, they don’t need a lot of daily activity since they can adjust to their owner’s energy levels. These little canines are known to take pleasure in agility and obedience training. Use an uncoated metal pin brush to brush them with two or three times a week to keep their coat fluffy and tangle-free. Your dog will maintain a fashionable appearance by using smaller, finer toothed combs on the face. If their hair appears to be obstructing their vision, use a comb and hair elastic to keep it pulled back into a nice top knot. The demand for grooming can be reduced by trimming their coat and the fur around their faces. Particularly clean the elbows, knees, and area behind the ears. Although using a spray conditioner while grooming is not required, it can reduce hair damage. Your Coton de Tulear will need to be washed less frequently the more frequently grooming treatments are conducted. However, if they grow unclean, they can require bathing every week or two or once a month. Blowing them dry while brushing will make them fluffy and cottony, and using whitening shampoos will keep them appearing as white as snow. Use a cloth to gently pat them dry. Towel rubbing should be avoided since it might cause their fur to tangle. Around 15 months old, more grooming will be required as the adult coat begins to develop. Coton de Tulear dogs require routine maintenance for their teeth and nails just like any other canine. Although daily brushing is preferred, teeth should be cleaned two to three times each week. If necessary, usually once or twice each month, trim the nails.

Coton de Tulear dogs have a tendency to shed less compared to other breeds. This is a normal part of their hair growth cycle. The amount and frequency of hair loss can vary depending on their overall health and the specific breed characteristics. It is recommended to bathe these dogs every 3-4 weeks to maintain their cleanliness and hygiene.

🍖 Food: We recommend 0.7 cups daily, costing you about $0.75 – $1.00 daily, or approximately $25.00 – $30.00 a month.

🐾 Exercise: Coton de Tulear dogs have an average exercise need. This breed is satisfied with short walks every weekday and a long ones on weekends.

This dog breed requires to be walked for roughly 6 miles per week, which equates to about 30 minutes of physical activity daily. This consistent moderate exercise regimen will help maintain their physical wellness and significantly contribute to their mental stimulation. Consciously setting aside this time for your furry friend can dramatically enhance their life quality, helping them stay energetic, healthy, and mentally alert.

Did you know: Coton de Tulear dogs have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.

❤️‍🩹 Coton de Tulear Health & Issues

Some of the major concerns for Coton de Tulear Dog Breed can be:

  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy
  • Hip Dysplasia

While minor concerns include:

  • Patellar Luxation
  • Allergies

🤧 Important: Is Coton de Tulear hypoallergenic? Yes.

Bonus: Check out cool, creative, and funny names for Coton de Tulear.

⚡ Coton de Tulear Dog Breed Facts

What makes the Coton de Tulear a great choice for families with young children?
The Coton de Tulear is a great choice for families with young children because they are known to be sweet and love their family. They get along well with children and are generally good with them as long as the children respect them and know how to interact gently.

Is the Coton de Tulear breed considered a suitable breed for apartment living?
Yes, the Coton de Tulear is considered a suitable breed for apartment living. They are small in size and adaptable, so they can be happy living in an apartment as long as they receive enough love and exercise.

How much exercise does a Coton de Tulear require compared to other breeds?
The Coton de Tulear requires a moderate amount of exercise compared to other breeds. They are small and smart dogs that will adapt well to any loving household, whether it is an apartment or a ranch house. Daily walks and playtime will be sufficient to keep them happy and healthy.

Is the Coton de Tulear breed known for being good with other pets?
The Coton de Tulear breed is known for being good with other pets. They can get along well with other animals as long as they are properly introduced and socialized. They will also be happier with another pet companion for the times they have to be at home alone.

What are other low-maintenance dog breeds similar to the Coton de Tulear?
Some low-maintenance dog breeds similar to the Coton de Tulear include the Bichon Frise, the Maltese, and the Havanese. These breeds also have fluffy coats that require regular brushing and grooming, but they have similar temperaments and are suitable for families.

What are the common health issues that Coton de Tulears are prone to?
Common health issues that Coton de Tulears are prone to include dental problems, such as tooth decay and gum disease, as well as allergies and skin conditions. Regular dental care and grooming are important to maintain their overall health.

Are Coton de Tulears known to be easy to train compared to other breeds?
Coton de Tulears are generally easy to train compared to other breeds. They are smart dogs that enjoy receiving praise and food rewards for their good behavior. With consistent training and positive reinforcement, they can quickly learn commands and tricks.

Are Coton de Tulears more prone to separation anxiety compared to other breeds?
Coton de Tulears can be prone to separation anxiety if left alone for long periods of time. They get very attached to their owners and do not do well with being left alone. Having another pet companion or ensuring they receive enough attention and exercise can help alleviate separation anxiety.

Are there any dog breeds similar to the Coton de Tulear that are suitable for people with allergies?
Yes, there are dog breeds similar to the Coton de Tulear that are suitable for people with allergies. The Coton de Tulear itself is considered hypoallergenic, meaning it is less likely to cause allergies in people who are sensitive to pet dander. Other hypoallergenic breeds include the Bichon Frise, the Maltese, and the Havanese.

What sizes of dogs similar to the Coton de Tulear are best for individuals or families with limited space?
Small-sized dogs similar to the Coton de Tulear, such as the Bichon Frise, the Maltese, and the Havanese, are best for individuals or families with limited space. These breeds are small in size and do not require a lot of space to move around.

Is the Coton de Tulear breed known to be good with children with special needs?
The Coton de Tulear breed can be good with children with special needs as long as they are properly introduced and supervised. Like with any dog, it is important to teach children how to interact gently and respectfully with the dog.

How does the grooming and shedding needs of the Coton de Tulear?
The grooming and shedding needs of the Coton de Tulear are moderate compared to other breeds. Their beautiful, fluffy coats require regular brushing to prevent tangles, and they will need occasional grooming to maintain their coat’s condition. However, they have low shedding levels and are considered hypoallergenic, so they are a good choice for people with allergies.


We use reliable and publicly available data and resources such as AKC and American Canine Registry to ensure that Coton de Tulear dog breed information is accurate and up to date. If you spot an error, please don’t hesitate to bring it to our attention.

Max Kozinskiy
Max Kozinskiy
Max Kozinskiy is a seasoned writer and an enthusiast of dog breed expertise. Having dedicated over 5 years to studying the intricacies of different dog breeds and their unique characteristics. His profound insights and love for our four-legged friends have made him an invaluable part of our DogsInsights.com team.

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