Chien d’Artois - Dog Breed Info, Temperament & Facts


The Chien d’Artois, also known as the Artois Hound, is an ancient breed of dog that dates back to the 15th century. Despite its long history, this breed is relatively rare today, especially outside of France where it originated. However, it holds a special place in history and has connections to other well-known breeds such as the Bloodhound and the Beagle.

The Artois Hound shares many similarities with both the Bloodhound and the Beagle in terms of personality and appearance. It is believed to be descended from the Bloodhound and may have contributed to the development of the Beagle. However, unlike its more internationally recognized counterparts, the Artois Hound has not gained as much popularity outside of its home country.

Despite its relative obscurity, the Artois Hound is a highly capable breed. It has a long-standing history of being beloved by the aristocracy and highly regarded by hunters for its exceptional skills and temperament. Over time, it has also transitioned from being primarily used for hunting and tracking to becoming a popular companion animal. In recent years, its popularity has been growing, indicating that this trend is likely to continue.

Overall, the Artois Hound is a remarkable breed with a rich history and unique characteristics. While it may not be as well-known as some other breeds, it has certainly left its mark in the world of dogs.

Below, we look at Chien d’Artois dog breed, its history, personality, pros and cons of owning an Chien d’Artois, characteristics, and must-know facts. We will also examine how to care for this breed and more. Prepare for a tail-wagging adventure into the world of Chien d’Artoiss!

Dog Breed Chien d’Artois
Weight 62-66 lbs (average)
Height 21-23″ (average)
Location France
Ancestry St. Hubert’s Hounds
Date of Origin 15th Century
Group Hunting, Companion, Watchdog
Life Expectancy
Family Canidae
Scientific Name Canis Lupus Familiaris

📖 Breed History

The Chien d’Artois is a breed with a long history dating back to the 15th century. They are believed to have descended from the dogs of St. Hubert’s, which were similar to the modern Bloodhound. Originally, the breed consisted of two types, a Basset Hound-like breed and a larger “Picardy Hound”. The larger Picards eventually took on the name Chien d’Artois and came in two sizes, large and small.

In the late 1500s and early 1600s, the Chien d’Artois gained popularity among French nobility for their exceptional tracking abilities, particularly in fox-hunting. They were highly regarded and often given as gifts to other noble members. However, their numbers declined in the 1800s due to the rise in popularity of imported breeds like the English Foxhound. To maintain their population, crossbreeding with other breeds such as the now-extinct Normand Hounds became necessary.

The Chien d’Artois went through significant changes in appearance over time, losing their original aesthetic due to crossbreeding with larger breeds. Their numbers were further decimated during both World Wars, almost leading to their extinction. However, in the 1970s, M. Audrechy initiated a breeding program to restore the breed to its original look. While the modern Artois Hounds still have darker shades than their ancestors, Audrechy’s efforts succeeded in bringing back the breed’s original characteristics. Today, there are around 500 registered Chien d’Artois, and they are recognized by the United Kennel Club as both hunting dogs and companions.

🐕 Chien d’Artois Appearance

The Chien d’Artois is a medium-sized dog with withers that are slightly under two feet tall and an average weight of 64 pounds. They typically resemble a taller, more athletic Basset Hound to the untrained eye. They have wide, rounded, not very lengthy heads with an evident stop. Their large, black noses are atop muzzles that are somewhat shorter than their heads. Their ears, which are large, wide, and rounded at the tip, are situated considerably apart from their eyes. Their forequarters, which are emphasized by a deep, rounded chest that extends to their elbows, are relatively lengthy and strong, and so are their necks. Strong, powerful, and slightly inclined hind legs help them to have a straight topline that ends in a thick, tapering tail carried in a sickle shape. Their short, thick coats are tricolored, with huge patches of fawn and black on top of a white background.

👀 Eye Color Brown
🐽 Nose Color Black
🐕 Coat Color White, Black, Fawn, Brown

Fun Fact:

🐶 Traits & Temperament of Chien d’Artois

The Chien d’Artois, like its Bloodhound and Beagle ancestors, is well-known for being kind and laid-back in addition to being a good hunter. Since they were bred for pack hunting, they are often excellent with other dogs and fine with kids by nature, but they will do much better with both if fully socialized and taught. If this breed has a major drawback, it is that due to their unusual need for a firm, patient, and experienced owner, their intellect frequently manifests itself in the form of a strong-willed intransigence. Despite this, their domestic personality traits are still highly coveted. Even if they are not employed for hunting, they are well-known for being consistently amiable, playful, loving, affectionate, and eternally devoted, making them wonderful companion animals. Although less so than many other breeds due to their propensity to become distracted, they are still capable watchdogs. They frequently take charge of a self-appointed post to keep an eye out for anything suspicious and will alert their owners with a loud bark if they find anything out of the ordinary. They are enthusiastic and completely devoted to the hunt, using their seemingly unlimited stamina to pursue a scent for hours or miles if necessary. They must be reared with other non-canine animals early on due to their predation drive if they are to coexist peacefully. Additionally, they thrive in active families since they have high energy needs relative to their size and need a lot of movement to become fatigued in any significant way.

🤝 Are Chien d’Artoiss Friendly or Aggressive?

🐩 Chien d’Artois Care & Maintenance

The Chien d’Artois is generally a low maintenance breed, like many of its French scent hound cousins. To maintain their coats clear of filth, debris, and loose hair, they require minimal brushing other than once or twice a week with a hard bristle brush. They typically keep themselves clean well, and only need to have a bath when they get into anything exceptionally filthy or smelly. In most other cases, wiping them down with a towel is sufficient. They will need to be checked frequently and cleansed every now and then because of how large their folded ears are and how easily they may build up additional moisture and wax. Like any breed, their teeth need to be washed at least once a week, and their nails should be examined and cut as necessary to avoid hurtful cracks or breaks.

🍖 Food: We recommend 3.5 cups daily, costing you about $1.50 – $2.00 daily, or roughly $45.00 – $60.00 a month.

🐾 Exercise:

This dog breed requires to be walked for roughly 16 miles per week, which equates to about 60 minutes of physical activity daily. This consistent moderate exercise regimen will help maintain their physical wellness and significantly contribute to their mental stimulation. Consciously setting aside this time for your furry friend can dramatically enhance their life quality, helping them stay energetic, healthy, and mentally alert.

Did you know:

❤️‍🩹 Chien d’Artois Health & Issues

Some of the major concerns for Chien d’Artois Dog Breed can be:

  • Hip And Elbow Dysplasia

While minor concerns include:

  • Anesthesia Sensitivity/Allergy
  • Ear Health and Infection
  • Foot and Toenail Injuries

🤧 Important: Is Chien d’Artois hypoallergenic? .

Bonus: Check out cool, creative, and funny names for Chien d’Artois.

⚡ Chien d’Artois Dog Breed Facts

What makes the Chien d’Artois a great choice for families with young children?
The Chien d’Artois is a great choice for families with young children because of their friendly and easy-going personalities. They are usually very good with other dogs and tend to do well with children inherently. However, thorough training and socialization are key to ensuring the best interaction between the breed and children.

Is the Chien d’Artois breed considered a suitable breed for apartment living?
The Chien d’Artois breed is not considered a suitable breed for apartment living. They have high energy level requirements and require a considerable amount of exercise to tire in any meaningful capacity. Therefore, they are better suited to homes with a yard or access to regular outdoor activities.

How much exercise does a Chien d’Artois require compared to other breeds?
The Chien d’Artois requires a significant amount of exercise compared to some other breeds. They have high energy levels and their endurance allows them to follow scents for hours or miles. Active families who can provide them with regular physical activity are ideal for this breed.

Is the Chien d’Artois breed known for being good with other pets?
The Chien d’Artois is generally good with other pets, especially if they are raised together from an early age. However, due to their prey drive, it is important to socialize them with non-canine animals early on to ensure they can coexist without incidents.

What are other low-maintenance dog breeds similar to the Chien d’Artois?
Some low-maintenance dog breeds similar to the Chien d’Artois include the Beagle and the Bloodhound, which are also part of the breed’s lineage. These breeds require less grooming and are known for their easy-going attitudes.

What are the common health issues that Chien d’Artoiss are prone to?
Like many other breeds, the Chien d’Artois is prone to certain health issues. Common health issues in this breed include hip dysplasia, ear infections, and obesity. Regular veterinary check-ups and a healthy diet are important for maintaining their overall health.

Are Chien d’Artoiss known to be easy to train compared to other breeds?
The Chien d’Artois can be intelligent and strong-willed, which may make them a bit more difficult to train compared to some other breeds. They require an exceptionally firm, patient, and experienced owner to bring out the best in their character.

Are Chien d’Artoiss more prone to separation anxiety compared to other breeds?
Like any breed, Chien d’Artois dogs can experience separation anxiety if not properly trained and socialized. However, there is no specific evidence to suggest that they are more prone to separation anxiety compared to other breeds.

Are there any dog breeds similar to the Chien d’Artois that are suitable for people with allergies?
Some dog breeds similar to the Chien d’Artois that are suitable for people with allergies include the Bichon Frise, Poodle, and Portuguese Water Dog. These breeds have hypoallergenic coats that produce fewer allergens.

What sizes of dogs similar to the Chien d’Artois are best for individuals or families with limited space?
Smaller-sized dogs similar to the Chien d’Artois, such as the Beagle and the Basset Hound, can be a better fit for individuals or families with limited space. These breeds require less space to move around and exercise.

Is the Chien d’Artois breed known to be good with children with special needs?
The Chien d’Artois breed, with its friendly and easy-going personality, can be a good fit for children with special needs. However, as with any dog, it is important to supervise interactions and ensure proper training and socialization.

How does the grooming and shedding needs of the Chien d’Artois?
The grooming needs of the Chien d’Artois are moderate. They have a short, dense coat that requires regular brushing to keep it healthy and free of mats. They are average shedders, so regular grooming and occasional baths are necessary to maintain their coat.

We use reliable and publicly available data and resources such as AKC and American Canine Registry to ensure that Chien d’Artois dog breed information is accurate and up to date. If you spot an error, please don’t hesitate to bring it to our attention.

Max Kozinskiy
Max Kozinskiy
Max Kozinskiy is a seasoned writer and an enthusiast of dog breed expertise. Having dedicated over 5 years to studying the intricacies of different dog breeds and their unique characteristics. His profound insights and love for our four-legged friends have made him an invaluable part of our team.


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