Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) - Dog Breed Info, Temperament & Facts


This venerable breed is powerful and dominant, known by various names such as Caucasian Ovcharka or Caucasian Shepherd. They originated in the Caucasus highlands, between Europe and Asia. These large canines were primarily bred to protect herds of sheep from any threats, be it human or animal. The temperament of the Caucasian Mountain Dog can vary greatly depending on their role. They can be friendly and calm, showing immense warmth and loyalty towards their family. On the other hand, they can also be aggressive and challenging to handle. How these dogs behave is determined by their owner’s ability to discipline them firmly yet gently. Although some people find their protective nature endearing, the Caucasian Mountain Dog may not be the best choice for inexperienced dog owners. While they were initially used as flock guardians, they are now commonly kept as family pets. However, their aggressive and protective traits have historically limited their popularity. With selective breeding, it is possible that the Caucasian Mountain Dog’s protective instincts can be minimized as their popularity increases.

Below, we look at Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) dog breed, its history, personality, pros and cons of owning an Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog), characteristics, and must-know facts. We will also examine how to care for this breed and more. Prepare for a tail-wagging adventure into the world of Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog)s!

Dog Breed Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog)
Weight 99-110 lbs (average)
Height 25-28″ (average)
Location Eurasia
Ancestry molosser
Date of Origin unknown
Group Flock guardian, border patrol
Life Expectancy
Family Canidae
Scientific Name Canis Lupus Familiaris

📖 Breed History

The Caucasian Mountain Dog, also known as the Ovcharka, gets its name from the Caucasus Mountains, located between the Caspian Sea and the Black Sea. This breed’s official standard is set by the FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale) and is based on the Georgian Shepherd dogs. These dogs are known for their large size, sturdy build, and loyalty. They were originally bred from ancient Molosser dogs, like the Tibetan Mastiff, to protect flocks from both human and animal threats. In 1990, the first Caucasian Mountain Dogs were brought to America by Stacy and Russell Kubyn, who formed the Caucasian Ovcharka Club of America. Although still relatively rare in the United States, this breed has gained popularity in Russia, where it is used for shows and is highly regarded as a family guard dog and companion.

The United Kennel Club has recognized the Caucasian Mountain Dog as an official breed, allowing them to participate in events such as obedience and rally. In Russia, these dogs are commonly referred to as “Ovcharka”, meaning sheepdog in Russian. Despite the decrease in demand for sheep herding, the breed’s popularity in Russia ensures that it continues to be bred and used for various purposes. The Caucasian Mountain Dog’s fearless nature and loyalty make it an excellent choice for both guarding and companionship.

🐕 Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) Appearance

The enormous Caucasian Mountain Dog has a double coat made up of a soft underlayer and a rough upper layer. The dog’s fur might be long, medium-length, or short once the puppy fur has fully grown out and the dog has reached adulthood. This will only depend on the parents of the particular dog. Long-haired Caucasian Mountain Dogs will have a mane that surrounds the neck and feathering that cascades down the backs of the legs and tail. The extremely unusual short-haired Caucasian Mountain dogs will have no feathering or mane at all, whereas medium coats will have less prominent feathering and barely any mane. The color might be anything from white to rust crimson. In this breed, black highlights are frequent. The Caucasian Mountain Dog has a sturdy, balanced build, a big head, and loose ears.

👀 Eye Color Brown
🐽 Nose Color Black
🐕 Coat Color Black, Gray, Fawn, White, Cream

Fun Fact:

🐶 Traits & Temperament of Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog)

Although this breed may be affectionate and devoted, it’s vital to keep in mind that guard dog is bred into their genetic makeup. No matter how large the threat, or whether it came from a bear or a person, they were made to defend flocks from it. Young Caucasian Mountain Dogs that are properly socialized and trained with orders from an early age will make ideal family pets who get along well with kids and other animals. When they are fully grown, these dogs are peaceful and low energy, so they adapt well to apartments and smaller households. It’s crucial that the dog spend time inside the house with the family, getting socialized with and loved. The dog may get hostile and destructive if allowed outside to pursue their own amusement. Although quite protective, the Caucasian Mountain Dog is a devoted and affectionate dog that will go wherever his master goes.

🤝 Are Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog)s Friendly or Aggressive?

🐩 Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) Care & Maintenance

The Caucasian Mountain Dog will require frequent brushing, much like any double-coated breeds. This is so that the amount of shedding may be reduced. Shedding occurs continuously throughout the year, and a good brushing a few times a week will assist. Frequent bathing and regular brushing can assist the Caucasian Mountain Dog lose his old coat more quickly when he blows it off once a year in a heavy shed. Along with brushing, regular nail trimming and ear cleaning are also essential. Frequent ear exams and cleaning are essential for dogs with loose ears like the Caucasian Mountain Dog since they are more prone to ear infections. Keep your dog’s nails short so that if it jumps up, it won’t scratch anyone. When the dog walks, the nails need to be cut if you hear clicking on the floor.

🍖 Food: We recommend 4 cups daily, costing you about $2.75 – $3.00 daily, or around $80.00 – $90.00 a month.

🐾 Exercise:

This dog breed requires to be walked for roughly 8 miles per week, which equates to about 60 minutes of physical activity daily. This consistent moderate exercise regimen will help maintain their physical wellness and significantly contribute to their mental stimulation. Consciously setting aside this time for your furry friend can dramatically enhance their life quality, helping them stay energetic, healthy, and mentally alert.

Did you know:

❤️‍🩹 Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) Health & Issues

Some of the major concerns for Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) Dog Breed can be:

  • Hip Dysplasia

While minor concerns include:

  • Cataracts

🤧 Important: Is Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) hypoallergenic? .

Bonus: Check out cool, creative, and funny names for Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog).

⚡ Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) Dog Breed Facts

What makes the Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) a great choice for families with young children?
The Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) is a great choice for families with young children because they are loyal and sweet, making them excellent around children. When socialized and trained early on in life, they can be wonderful family pets that are gentle and patient with kids.

Is the Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) breed considered a suitable breed for apartment living?
The Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) breed is not considered suitable for apartment living. They are large dogs and not high energy when they reach adulthood, but they still require ample space to move around and exercise. A small apartment may not provide enough room for them to be comfortable.

How much exercise does a Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) require compared to other breeds?
The Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) requires more exercise compared to other breeds. They were originally bred as working dogs and have a strong guarding instinct. Daily exercise, such as long walks or playtime in a spacious yard, is important to keep them physically and mentally stimulated.

Is the Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) breed known for being good with other pets?
The Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) breed is not typically known for being good with other pets. Their protective nature and strong guarding instinct can make them wary of unfamiliar animals. Proper socialization and training from a young age can help them coexist with other pets, but caution should always be exercised.

What are other low-maintenance dog breeds similar to the Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog)?
Other low-maintenance dog breeds similar to the Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) include the Great Pyrenees and the Anatolian Shepherd. These breeds also have protective instincts and require regular exercise, but they tend to have a more laid-back temperament and are generally easier to handle.

What are the common health issues that Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog)s are prone to?
Common health issues that Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog)s are prone to include hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, and bloat. Regular vet check-ups and a healthy diet are crucial to prevent and manage these health concerns.

Are Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog)s known to be easy to train compared to other breeds?
The Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog)s are not known to be particularly easy to train compared to other breeds. They have an independent nature and can be stubborn at times. Firm and consistent training methods, along with positive reinforcement, are necessary to establish control and obedience.

Are Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog)s more prone to separation anxiety compared to other breeds?
Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog)s can be prone to separation anxiety, especially if not properly trained and socialized. They are highly loyal and attached to their families, and excessive time spent alone can lead to destructive behaviors and anxiety. Early training and gradually increasing alone time can help alleviate this issue.

Are there any dog breeds similar to the Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) that are suitable for people with allergies?
Some dog breeds similar to the Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) that are suitable for people with allergies include the Poodle and the Portuguese Water Dog. These breeds have hypoallergenic coats that produce fewer allergens, making them a better choice for individuals with allergies.

What sizes of dogs similar to the Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) are best for individuals or families with limited space?
For individuals or families with limited space, smaller sizes of dogs similar to the Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) may be more suitable. Breeds like the Central Asian Shepherd Dog or the Tibetan Mastiff, which are still large but slightly smaller than the Caucasian Shepherd, can be better options for limited living spaces.

Is the Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) breed known to be good with children with special needs?
The Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) breed can be good with children with special needs, but proper supervision and training are essential. Their calm and patient nature, along with their loyalty, can make them understanding and protective companions for children who require extra care and attention.

How does the grooming and shedding needs of the Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog)?
The grooming and shedding needs of the Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) are high compared to other breeds. They have a thick double coat that requires regular brushing to prevent matting and to remove loose hair. They shed heavily, especially during seasonal changes, and may not be suitable for individuals who prefer a low-shedding breed.

We use reliable and publicly available data and resources such as AKC and American Canine Registry to ensure that Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) dog breed information is accurate and up to date. If you spot an error, please don’t hesitate to bring it to our attention.

Max Kozinskiy
Max Kozinskiy
Max Kozinskiy is a seasoned writer and an enthusiast of dog breed expertise. Having dedicated over 5 years to studying the intricacies of different dog breeds and their unique characteristics. His profound insights and love for our four-legged friends have made him an invaluable part of our team.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Similar Dog Breeds