Borzoi - Dog Breed Info, Temperament & Facts


Borzois, also known as Russian Wolfhounds or Long-Haired Greyhounds, are large dog breeds that are named after the Russian word for “fast or swift”. These elegant dogs require regular exercise and enjoy spending time with their owners. While they don’t need frequent baths, their long, silky coats do need regular brushing to keep them looking their best.

Originating in Russia, Borzois are sighthounds that rely on their keen vision and swift running during hunts. They were specifically bred for coursing and hunting wolves, foxes, and rabbits. Hunting in groups of three, they would work together to catch their prey. As time went on, Borzois gained popularity as beloved pets of royal families in Europe.

Below, we look at Borzoi dog breed, its history, personality, pros and cons of owning an Borzoi, characteristics, and must-see facts. We will also examine how to care for this breed and a lot more. Prepare for a tail-wagging adventure into the world of Borzois!

Dog Breed Borzoi
Size Large
Weight 60-85 lbs (average)
Height 26-31″ (average)
Location Russia
Ancestry sight hound
Date of Origin middle ages
Group hunting game
Life Expectancy 10-12 years
Price $1000 – $1200
Family Canidae
Scientific Name Canis Lupus Familiaris

📖 Breed History

The Borzoi is a breed of dog known for its speed and agility. It originated in Russia in the 17th century, resulting from a cross between the Arabian Greyhound and a Russian Sheepdog with a thick coat. Bred by aristocrats, the Borzoi was primarily used for coursing, which became a popular sport among the Russian aristocracy. Standards for the breed were established in 1650.

However, during the Russian Revolution of 1917, many Borzoi dogs were killed due to their association with the czars. Notable figures such as Queen Victoria, the Prince of Wales, and King Edward VII were gifted Borzoi by the Czar of Russia. Queen Alexandra not only owned Borzois as companions, but also bred and exhibited them. In the 1920s to 1940s, the breed gained popularity in America and was considered a glamorous dog. They were often seen with silent movie stars like Jean Harlow, Hope Hampton, Greta Garbo, and Sarah Bernhardt, and were even featured as models in the Art Deco era. Famous individuals like Marilyn Monroe and the artist Picasso also owned Borzois. The breed is now part of the AKC Hound group and belongs to the Sighthound family of dogs. In late 1936, the name of the breed changed from Russian Wolfhound to Borzoi.

🐕 Borzoi Appearance

They feature long, thin legs, a small body, a deep chest, curved backs, a tucked tummy, and a long tail, just like the Greyhound. Both the tail and the hindquarters of borzois are feathered. The head of the Borzoi is somewhat domed, with an unusually long and narrow face and muzzle. It also has a powerful neck and jaw. Strong and having an even or scissor bite, the teeth are. Their eyes feature a gentle look and are dark in hue. The Borzoi appears very graceful and elegant but is also robust, quick, and nimble. Both the males and the females are at least 26 inches tall. The weight range for men and women is 60 to 85 pounds on average. They have a long, rather silky coat that can be straight, curly, or wavy. Around their neck, they have a thick ruff of curly hair. The coats of Borzoi puppies typically feature curls. Although many hues and designs are acceptable, the most typical pattern is one of white with patches.

👀 Eye Color Brown
🐽 Nose Color Black
🐕 Coat Color Black, Gray, Brown, Red, Cream, Fawn, White, Sable, Brindle

Fun Fact: Borzoi dogs need for social interaction is average. This breed likes being around people or other animals, but they don’t mind being left alone for a few hours either.

🐶 Traits & Temperament of Borzoi

The Borzoi may be exuberant, affectionate, and loyal. They require early human and animal interaction. Adult Borzois are typically quiet and infrequent barkers. The breed is extremely perceptive and intelligent. They do not respond well to rough treatment or punishment. Despite being a huge breed, the Borzoi can adapt to a limited living environment provided he receives regular exercise. The breed thrives in milder regions and has a lot of stamina. The Borzoi can get bored with monotonous activities, but they do well in competitive obedience and agility events as well as with training that is motivational. The breed is self-assured and independent, so they don’t require continual care. Since the Borzoi was developed for coursing, it is in their nature to chase animals like cats, little dogs, and young children. Once engaged in a pursuit, they can become unyielding and unaware of their surroundings, even disregarding the risks of oncoming traffic or the owner’s cries.

🤝 Are Borzois Friendly or Aggressive?

Borzoi dogs are most comfortable being the sole pet in a family. They are not particularly friendly towards strangers, children, cats, or other dogs. Therefore, if you have children or want to have multiple pets or attend dog meetups, it may be wise to reconsider getting a Borzoi puppy. Additionally, Borzois are not the ideal choice for elderly individuals.

This breed is known for being:

  • Independent
  • Intelligent
  • Gentle
  • Quiet
  • Athletic
  • Respectful

🐩 Borzoi Care & Maintenance

The Borzoi needs regular brushing with a strong bristle brush because it moderately sheds. To avoid tartar accumulation, the dog’s teeth should be cleaned multiple times each week. Monthly nail trimming and weekly ear cleaning are recommended. The Borzoi cleans and takes care of his own grooming, much like cats do, therefore the breed is not high maintenance. It is crucial to provide huge dog breeds an appropriate, high-quality food that is designed just for them. It is best to give the breed several modest meals throughout the day rather than one large one because they are prone to bloat. Borzois like taking long walks and require frequent exercise. The Borzoi can adjust to apartment living if he is in good physical condition. He should not be walked without a leash because of the breed’s intense prey drive. The chilly winter months are enjoyable for the Borzoi, who thrive in them. The Borzoi can be sensitive to some medications, notably anesthetics, due to their low body fat. A Borzoi should never be given the medication Xylazine. The Borzoi can have a range of medical issues. To prevent exorbitant veterinarian care costs, get pet health insurance right now. You may compare policies from renowned firms like Figo and Spot using our tool for pet insurance. With only a few clicks, find your pet’s “pawfect” plan!

Borzoi dogs are known for shedding a lot of hair, which is a natural part of their hair growth cycle. This means that you can expect to do daily vacuum cleaning to deal with the hair that they shed. The amount and frequency of shedding can vary depending on the health of the dog and its specific breed. When it comes to bathing, Borzois typically need to be bathed every 6-8 weeks.

🍖 Food: We recommend 3 cups daily, costing you about $2.00 – $2.25 daily, or around $60.00 – $67.50 a month.

🐾 Exercise: Borzoi dogs have an average exercise need. This breed is satisfied with short walks every weekday and a long ones on weekends.

This dog breed requires to be walked for roughly 10 miles per week, which equates to about 60 minutes of physical activity daily. This consistent moderate exercise regimen will help maintain their physical wellness and significantly contribute to their mental stimulation. Consciously setting aside this time for your furry friend can dramatically enhance their life quality, helping them stay energetic, healthy, and mentally alert.

Did you know: Borzoi dogs have a lower energy level than other dogs. If you live a chilled life, this breed can be a good choice for you.

❤️‍🩹 Borzoi Health & Issues

Some of the major concerns for Borzoi Dog Breed can be:

  • Gastric Torsion
  • Bone And Joint Problems
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Heart Problems
  • Von Willebrand’s Disease

While minor concerns include:

  • Cataracts
  • Hypothyroidism

🤧 Important: Is Borzoi hypoallergenic? No.

Bonus: Check out cool, creative, and funny names for Borzoi.

⚡ Borzoi Dog Breed Facts

What makes the Borzoi a great choice for families with young children?
The Borzoi’s calm and gentle nature makes them a great choice for families with young children. They are known to be loyal and devoted, and they require early socialization to ensure they get along well with both animals and people.

Is the Borzoi breed considered a suitable breed for apartment living?
While the Borzoi is a large breed, they can adapt to apartment living as long as they receive daily exercise. Their exercise needs should not be underestimated, but with proper activity, they can thrive in smaller living spaces.

How much exercise does a Borzoi require compared to other breeds?
The Borzoi requires a moderate amount of exercise compared to some other breeds. Daily exercise is important to keep them physically and mentally stimulated. They have plenty of stamina and enjoy activities like competitive obedience and agility trials.

Is the Borzoi breed known for being good with other pets?
The Borzoi breed is generally good with other pets, although their natural instinct to chase can make them a challenge with small animals like cats or small dogs. Early socialization and training can help minimize any potential issues.

What are other low-maintenance dog breeds similar to the Borzoi?
Some low-maintenance dog breeds similar to the Borzoi include the Greyhound, Whippet, and Saluki. These breeds also have short coats and require minimal grooming.

What are the common health issues that Borzois are prone to?
Common health issues that Borzois are prone to include bloat, hip dysplasia, and heart conditions. Regular vet check-ups and a healthy diet are important to maintain their overall well-being.

Are Borzois known to be easy to train compared to other breeds?
Borzois are known to be intelligent and sensitive, but they may require a little more patience and positive reinforcement during training compared to some other breeds. Harsh handling or punishment is not recommended.

Are Borzois more prone to separation anxiety compared to other breeds?
Borzois can be prone to separation anxiety, especially if they are not properly socialized and trained. They thrive on companionship and may become anxious when left alone for long periods. Positive reinforcement and gradual desensitization can help alleviate this issue.

Are there any dog breeds similar to the Borzoi that are suitable for people with allergies?
There are no dog breeds that are completely hypoallergenic, including the Borzoi. However, breeds with shorter hair like the Whippet or Greyhound may cause fewer allergy symptoms in some individuals.

What sizes of dogs similar to the Borzoi are best for individuals or families with limited space?
For individuals or families with limited space, smaller dogs similar to the Borzoi, such as the Whippet or Italian Greyhound, may be more suitable. These breeds have similar characteristics but are smaller in size.

Is the Borzoi breed known to be good with children with special needs?
The Borzoi breed’s gentle and calm nature can make them a good choice for children with special needs. However, as with any dog, proper supervision and training are essential to ensure a safe and harmonious interaction.

How does the grooming and shedding needs of the Borzoi?
The Borzoi’s grooming needs are moderate. Their long, silky coat requires regular brushing to prevent matting, but they do not need frequent bathing. They are average shedders, so regular grooming can help minimize loose hair. Compared to some other breeds with denser coats, their grooming needs may be slightly lower.

We use reliable and publicly available data and resources such as AKC and American Canine Registry to ensure that Borzoi dog breed information is accurate and up to date. If you spot an error, please don’t hesitate to bring it to our attention.

Max Kozinskiy
Max Kozinskiy
Max Kozinskiy is a seasoned writer and an enthusiast of dog breed expertise. Having dedicated over 5 years to studying the intricacies of different dog breeds and their unique characteristics. His profound insights and love for our four-legged friends have made him an invaluable part of our team.


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