Bichon Frise - Dog Breed Info, Temperament & Facts


This snowy-white breed with baby doll-like features has long been a favorite. The Bichon Frise is a little dog with white, fluffy coats and a happy disposition. The Bichon became the court companion dogs of the monarchy of that era in the 14th century, when they were first brought to the continent of Europe.

King Henry III was a particular fan, and he actually carried the small dogs around in a special basket that went around his neck. Nobody truly knows where the Bichon Frise came from; some assume French sailors brought it back from the Canary Islands, while others think the Italians were the ones to first find the fluffy white dogs. Regardless of who introduced the dogs to Europe in the first place, they quickly gained popularity.

These canines are renowned for their attractive nature and upbeat personalities. A Bichon Frise wants nothing more than to be the center of attention! This is one of the reasons they made excellent show dogs in addition to being fantastic companions for the royal family. These canines are still employed today as companions and show dogs.

Below, we look at Bichon Frise dog breed, its history, personality, pros and cons of owning an Bichon Frise, characteristics, and must-know facts. We will also examine how to care for this breed and a lot more. Prepare for a tail-wagging adventure into the world of Bichon Frises!

Dog Breed Bichon Frise
Size Small
Weight 10-15 lbs (average)
Height 9-11″ (average)
Location France
Ancestry barbet, water dog
Date of Origin ancient times
Group Companion
Life Expectancy 11-15 years
Price $700 – $1000
Family Canidae
Scientific Name Canis Lupus Familiaris

📖 Breed History

The Bichon Frise is a dog breed that originated in the Mediterranean. There are four groups of Bichons, including the Bichon Maltais, Bichon Bolognese, Bichon Havanese, and Bichon Tenerife. They were originally called “Barbichon” and later shortened to “Bichon,” which means “curly coat” in French. In the 14th century, these dogs were beloved companions of royalty and were known for their playful and cuddly nature. The King even carried his favorite Bichons in a basket around his neck. However, by the 19th century, the breed’s popularity declined, and they were used as performers in circuses and as companions to street peddlers. Fortunately, their intelligence and positive spirit saved them from extinction. After World War I, French breeders became interested in preserving the Bichon Frise, and it was officially recognized by the International Kennel Club of France in 1933. The breed regained popularity in the United States in 1956 and is now known for being a companion dog and showman. They are excellent family pets and do well with children and other animals when properly socialized. The Bichon Frise Club of America was recognized by the AKC in 1975.

🐕 Bichon Frise Appearance

The Bichon Frise’s fluffy white coat, plumed tail, and bright black eyes display his joyful, humorous disposition. Despite being a petite breed, they are robustly built and easily maintain a dignified and balanced posture. A Bichon Frise has double-coated, incredibly dense, velvety fur that has a significant feel to it. The hairs standing away from the body and the distinctive trim that follows the dog’s lines are what provide the illusion of poufiness. Careful brushing is necessary to keep the coat’s beautiful white color and fluffy fur from tangling. Although the Bichon Frise doesn’t shed much, all animals with fur will shed a small amount. This breed differs in that the underlayer or double coat acts as a trap for the shedding hair. The poufy fur might mat if left unbrushed for an extended period of time. This small dog’s pleasant face is finished off with a black nose and dark lips, and it’s impossible not to fall in love with the joy that radiates from the lively breed’s curious look.

👀 Eye Color Brown
🐽 Nose Color Black
🐕 Coat Color White, Cream

Fun Fact: Bichon Frise dogs need a lot of social interaction. They desire to always be with someone or around people. This breed hates being left alone.

🐶 Traits & Temperament of Bichon Frise

This breed is a fantastic companion dog because of his incredibly happy and jovial nature. Bichons have a strong need to be the center of attention and to be adored. They are highly upbeat, pleasant, and fun. Although this dog has a tendency to be independent, he dislikes being alone himself. The Bichon is known to experience separation anxiety when left alone for a long period of time. However, as soon as you return, he will resume being his joyful, carefree self. Training this breed doesn’t take much work because they are very clever and quick learners. The Bichon Frise is a wonderful family companion since they get along well with children and other animals. But it’s crucial to keep in mind that all dogs need to be properly socialized from a young age. If not, and the dog becomes a little anxious, he may start barking and perhaps nip at a child or another animal. Other than this, the breed is not hostile. They are companion dogs because that is what they were intended to be. When a Bichon Frise is around, your day will almost certainly be happier and more cheery.

🤝 Are Bichon Frises Friendly or Aggressive?

Bichon Frise dogs are known for their friendly and sociable nature. They get along well with strangers, making them a great choice for those who enjoy meeting new people. Additionally, Bichon Frise dogs are kid-friendly, making them a suitable option for families with children. They are also cat-friendly and can easily get along with other dogs, making them a good choice for those looking to have multiple pets or participate in dog meetups. Moreover, Bichon Frises are often recommended for elderly individuals, as they make great companions for the elderly due to their gentle and calm temperament.

This breed is known for being:

  • Playful
  • Sensitive
  • Intelligent
  • Affectionate
  • Gentle
  • Cheerful

🐩 Bichon Frise Care & Maintenance

Despite the fact that the Bichon Frise doesn’t shed much, the grooming routine is not for the timid. This is due to the fact that owners of this breed must brush their dog at least twice a week and bathe him whenever he becomes soiled owing to the double coat and white hue. It is important to brush your dog before bathing in order to remove any mats or tangles that may be lurking in the fur, otherwise the mats will get tighter during the bath and be nearly impossible to brush out. In addition to routine brushing and grooming, it is important to often examine your dog’s ears to ensure they are clean and clear of wax buildup. With this breed, it may occasionally be required to remove any protruding hairs that are further into the ear canal. This is due to the wax buildup and mites that can adhere to hairs further within the ear and produce inflammation and redness. A professional groomer may remove the hairs from your Bichon’s ear if you feel uncomfortable doing it yourself. Finally, remember to regularly wipe your Bichon’s face. Long hairs around the lips and eyes make it possible for mucus and discharge from the eyes to create stains and worsen eye conditions if left unattended. There are several potentially pricey health issues that the Bichon Frise may experience. To prevent exorbitant veterinarian care costs, get pet health insurance right now. You may compare policies from renowned firms like Figo and Spot using our tool for pet insurance. With only a few clicks, find your pet’s “pawfect” plan!

Bichon Frise dogs are known for being low shedders, meaning they don’t lose a lot of hair. This is a natural part of their hair growth cycle. The amount and frequency of hair loss can vary depending on the dog’s overall health and the specific breed type they belong to.

When it comes to bath time, Bichon Frise dogs generally require bathing every 3 to 4 weeks. This regular bathing routine helps to keep their coat clean and healthy. However, it’s important to note that over-bathing can strip their skin of natural oils and cause dryness or irritation, so it’s crucial to find the right balance. Regular grooming and maintenance, including brushing their coat, can also help keep their hair in good condition and reduce shedding even further.

🍖 Food: We recommend 1 cups daily, costing you about $1.00 – $1.00 daily, or approximately $25.00 – $30.00 a month.

🐾 Exercise: Bichon Frise dogs exercise need is minimal. If you live a slow life, this breed can be a good choice for you.

This dog breed requires to be walked for roughly 7 miles per week, which equates to about 30 minutes of physical activity daily. This consistent moderate exercise regimen will help maintain their physical wellness and significantly contribute to their mental stimulation. Consciously setting aside this time for your furry friend can dramatically enhance their life quality, helping them stay energetic, healthy, and mentally alert.

Did you know: Bichon Frise dogs have a lower energy level than other dogs. If you live a chilled life, this breed can be a good choice for you.

❤️‍🩹 Bichon Frise Health & Issues

Some of the major concerns for Bichon Frise Dog Breed can be:

  • Patellar Luxation
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Dental Disease
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease

While minor concerns include:

  • Cataract
  • Urolithiasis
  • Allergies
  • Tooth Loss
  • Hemophilia
  • Atopic Dermatitis
  • Patent Ductus Arteriosus

🤧 Important: Is Bichon Frise hypoallergenic? Yes.

Bonus: Check out cool, creative, and funny names for Bichon Frise.

⚡ Bichon Frise Dog Breed Facts

What makes the Bichon Frise a great choice for families with young children?
The Bichon Frise is a great choice for families with young children because they are playful, friendly, and good with kids. They have a cheerful and merry temperament, making them an excellent companion for children.

Is the Bichon Frise breed considered a suitable breed for apartment living?
Yes, the Bichon Frise breed is considered a suitable breed for apartment living. They are small in size and do not require a large living space. However, it is important to ensure they get enough exercise and mental stimulation despite living in a smaller environment.

How much exercise does a Bichon Frise require compared to other breeds?
Bichon Frises require a moderate amount of exercise compared to other breeds. Daily walks and playtime in a fenced yard are usually sufficient. They are not as high-energy as some other breeds, but they still enjoy and benefit from regular exercise.

Is the Bichon Frise breed known for being good with other pets?
Yes, the Bichon Frise breed is known for being good with other pets. They have a friendly and social nature, making them compatible with other animals in the household. Proper socialization from a young age is always important to ensure good behavior.

What are other low-maintenance dog breeds similar to the Bichon Frise?
Some low-maintenance dog breeds similar to the Bichon Frise include the Maltese, Shih Tzu, and Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. These breeds also have fluffy coats and friendly temperaments, requiring regular grooming but generally being easy to care for.

What are the common health issues that Bichon Frises are prone to?
Some common health issues that Bichon Frises are prone to include allergies, dental problems, skin conditions, and eye issues. Regular veterinary check-ups and proper care can help manage and prevent these health issues.

Are Bichon Frises known to be easy to train compared to other breeds?
Bichon Frises are generally easy to train compared to some other breeds. They are intelligent and quick learners, making training sessions enjoyable and effective. Consistency, positive reinforcement, and early socialization are important for successful training.

Are Bichon Frises more prone to separation anxiety compared to other breeds?
Bichon Frises can be more prone to separation anxiety compared to some other breeds. They are highly social dogs and dislike being left alone for long periods. Proper training, gradual desensitization to being alone, and providing mental stimulation can help alleviate separation anxiety.

Are there any dog breeds similar to the Bichon Frise that are suitable for people with allergies?
Yes, there are dog breeds similar to the Bichon Frise that are suitable for people with allergies. Some hypoallergenic breeds include the Poodle, Maltese, Shih Tzu, and Yorkshire Terrier. These breeds have hair instead of fur, which reduces the amount of dander they produce.

What sizes of dogs similar to the Bichon Frise are best for individuals or families with limited space?
Smaller-sized dogs similar to the Bichon Frise are best for individuals or families with limited space. Breeds like the Maltese, Shih Tzu, and Cavalier King Charles Spaniel are suitable choices for those looking for smaller dogs that don’t require a lot of space.

Is the Bichon Frise breed known to be good with children with special needs?
The Bichon Frise breed is known to be good with children, including those with special needs. Their friendly and gentle nature makes them a great companion for children of all abilities. However, as with any dog, supervision and proper teaching of both the child and the dog are important.

How does the grooming and shedding needs of the Bichon Frise?
The grooming needs of the Bichon Frise are relatively high compared to some other breeds. They have a fluffy, non-shedding coat that requires regular brushing and professional grooming every 4-6 weeks. However, they do not shed much, which can be beneficial for individuals with allergies.

We use reliable and publicly available data and resources such as AKC and American Canine Registry to ensure that Bichon Frise dog breed information is accurate and up to date. If you spot an error, please don’t hesitate to bring it to our attention.

Max Kozinskiy
Max Kozinskiy
Max Kozinskiy is a seasoned writer and an enthusiast of dog breed expertise. Having dedicated over 5 years to studying the intricacies of different dog breeds and their unique characteristics. His profound insights and love for our four-legged friends have made him an invaluable part of our team.


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