Bernese Mountain Dog - Dog Breed Info, Temperament & Facts

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The Bernese Mountain Dog, also known as the Berner, is one of the four historic Swiss Sennenhund breeds. They are unique among the breeds with their long, flowing fur and friendly personality. The Berner breed is believed to have been created by crossing the Mastiff-like Molosser brought by the Romans in the first century B.C. with the agricultural dogs of the Swiss Alps. This mix of breeds is likely the reason for their large heads, gentle nature, immense strength, and strong work ethic. While they were originally used as farm dogs for herding, pulling carts, and protecting homes, they are now commonly kept as companion dogs. They are great with children and relatively easy to train, but their strong attachment to their families can cause issues if they are separated frequently. Bernese Mountain Dogs are large dogs with tricolored, long hair. Regular grooming is necessary to manage their shedding, especially since they have large heads and paws. Bringing a Berner puppy home requires effort, just like with any other dog. However, with persistence, training, and consistency, you will have a wonderful and dedicated dog that makes a great friend.

Below, we look at Bernese Mountain Dog dog breed, its history, personality, pros and cons of owning an Bernese Mountain Dog, characteristics, and must-see facts. We will also examine how to care for this breed and much more. Prepare for a tail-wagging adventure into the world of Bernese Mountain Dogs!

Dog Breed Bernese Mountain Dog
Size Large
Weight 70-100 lbs (average)
Height 23-26″ (average)
Location Switzerland
Ancestry Molosser, Mastiff-type
Date of Origin Ancient Times
Group Working Dog, Guardian, Companion
Life Expectancy 7-11 years
Price $800 – $1000
Family Canidae
Scientific Name Canis Lupus Familiaris

📖 Breed History

The Swiss Sennenhund group consists of four distinct breeds: the Appenzeller Sennenhund, the Entlebucher Sennenhund, the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog, and the Berner Sennenhund (Bernese Mountain Dog). The Bernese Mountain Dog is the only breed in this group with long fur. While these dogs have been around since ancient times, they were officially recognized in 1902. The Swiss Dog Club organized a show that brought attention to these Swiss dogs, and in 1904, at an international show in Bern, the Bernese Mountain Dog got its name and recognition as a breed.

In 1936, two British breeders discovered the beautiful Berners and started breeding them in England. By 1937, the American Kennel Club (AKC) accepted this friendly and good-natured breed into the official Working Class category. Since then, this large and stunning breed has captured the hearts of many. Although the Bernese Mountain Dog was originally used as a helpful farm dog in the Swiss Alps, they are now mostly enjoyed as companion animals. These gentle giants are energetic, alert, and easy to train. Despite their tendency to always want to be around their humans, they make wonderful family pets and are great with small children.

🐕 Bernese Mountain Dog Appearance

Large in size and with a stunning tri-colored coat that is black draped over a white chest with brown highlights, the Bernese Mountain Dog is a breed. The toes and tail tip are often white, but the white blaze that runs up the forehead into a point may be the most distinctive trait. These canines have big, deep brown eyes that occasionally droop but are constantly alive with vitality. Due to the Bern’s Mastiff lineage, it has a massive head and oversized, floppy ears. This friendly dog has a haughty demeanor, a strong physique, and enormous paws by virtue of their enormous size. While women have a little thinner shape and structure, men are highly manly and broad. Without a certain, everywhere you go, people will be staring at you if you have one of these pets!

👀 Eye Color Brown
🐽 Nose Color Black
🐕 Coat Color Black, Brown, White

Fun Fact: Bernese Mountain Dog dogs need for social interaction is average. This breed likes being around people or other animals, but they don’t mind being left alone for a few hours either.

🐶 Traits & Temperament of Bernese Mountain Dog

It’s difficult to resist falling for a Berner’s pleasant nature. They are kind, clever, and lovable dogs. They are excellent pets for a home with kids thanks to their high tolerance, and their lively nature will keep everyone entertained around them. Although active, this dog is not overly energetic, which makes training and regular engagement fun and simple. The Bernese Mountain dog is famed for guarding its family, yet they are not violent by nature. Be careful to introduce your Bernese to a variety of people and circumstances while they are still young since you shouldn’t be shocked if they are a little reserved when meeting new people. By doing this, your puppy will grow up to be a tolerant, well-rounded dog. A Bernese Mountain Dog needs early training since after they are fully grown and have achieved their usual weight, they may be quite challenging to handle. If you own one of this breed, leash training and self-control will be quite helpful.

🤝 Are Bernese Mountain Dogs Friendly or Aggressive?

Bernese Mountain Dogs are typically good with other pets and are generally friendly towards strangers. They are also known to be kid-friendly, making them a great choice for families with children. While they may not be exceptionally friendly towards cats or other dogs, they tend to have average levels of friendliness towards them. Additionally, Bernese Mountain Dogs are often recommended for elderly people due to their gentle and calm nature.

This breed is known for being:

  • Intelligent
  • Affectionate
  • Loyal
  • Faithful

🐩 Bernese Mountain Dog Care & Maintenance

The Bernese Mountain Dog has to be brushed frequently because of its long hair. They shed continuously all year round, as well as naturally with the seasons. If you brush your dog’s coat a few times a week, it will be bright and clean and will shed dirt less of a problem. This is fantastic since it means that you won’t have to bathe your Berner frequently, unless of course they become really muddy. If not, four or five times a year will do. A stainless steel pin brush, slicker brush, and stainless steel comb with fine teeth work best for grooming Berners. In addition to routine brushing, it’s crucial to maintain your dog’s claws cut and ears clean. It is crucial to maintain these gentle giants’ teeth clean, whether via the use of toys and dental tools or by routine cleaning. Obesity is another significant problem that Berners may encounter. Given this, it’s crucial to avoid overfeeding your dog, regardless of how large they may be becoming. Always pay attention to dietary recommendations and discuss the ideal diet for your Bernese Mountain Dog with your veterinarian. In this manner, you two may enjoy a rich and fulfilling life together.

Bernese Mountain Dogs have a higher than average tendency to shed their fur. This shedding is a normal part of their hair growth cycle. The amount and frequency of shedding can vary depending on the dog’s overall health and the specific breed. If you are not a fan of regularly vacuuming, you may need to think twice about getting a puppy from the Bernese Mountain Dog breed. Additionally, it is recommended to bathe these dogs every 4-6 weeks.

🍖 Food: We recommend 2.5 cups daily, costing you about $1.75 – $2.25 daily, or approximately $52.50 – $67.50 a month.

🐾 Exercise: Bernese Mountain Dog dogs have an average exercise need. This breed is satisfied with short walks every weekday and a long ones on weekends.

This dog breed requires to be walked for roughly 6 miles per week, which equates to about 60 minutes of physical activity daily. This consistent moderate exercise regimen will help maintain their physical wellness and significantly contribute to their mental stimulation. Consciously setting aside this time for your furry friend can dramatically enhance their life quality, helping them stay energetic, healthy, and mentally alert.

Did you know: Bernese Mountain Dog dogs have a higher energy level than other dog breeds. If you want a dog for snuggling on the couch, this breed isn’t the perfect choice for you.

❤️‍🩹 Bernese Mountain Dog Health & Issues

Some of the major concerns for Bernese Mountain Dog Dog Breed can be:

  • Hip And Elbow Dysplasia
  • Bloat
  • Histicytosis
  • Dental Disease
  • Meningitis
  • Obesity

While minor concerns include:

  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy
  • Allergies
  • Epilepsy
  • Cerebellar Abiotrophy
  • Kidney Problems
  • Color Dilution Alopecia

🤧 Important: Is Bernese Mountain Dog hypoallergenic? No.

Bonus: Check out cool, creative, and funny names for Bernese Mountain Dog.

⚡ Bernese Mountain Dog Dog Breed Facts

What makes the Bernese Mountain Dog a great choice for families with young children?
The Bernese Mountain Dog is a great choice for families with young children because they are loving, gentle, and have a sweet disposition. They have a high tolerance and are known for being very patient with children, making them wonderful companions and playmates.

Is the Bernese Mountain Dog breed considered a suitable breed for apartment living?
The Bernese Mountain Dog is not considered a suitable breed for apartment living. They are large dogs that require plenty of space to move around and exercise. They are better suited for homes with a yard or access to outdoor areas where they can roam and explore.

How much exercise does a Bernese Mountain Dog require compared to other breeds?
The Bernese Mountain Dog requires a moderate amount of exercise compared to other breeds. They enjoy daily walks, playtime, and mental stimulation. However, they are not high-energy dogs and do not require extensive amounts of exercise like some other breeds.

Is the Bernese Mountain Dog breed known for being good with other pets?
The Bernese Mountain Dog breed is generally good with other pets. However, proper socialization and introductions are important, especially when they are young. With proper training and early exposure, they can get along well with other animals in the household.

What are other low-maintenance dog breeds similar to the Bernese Mountain Dog?
Other low-maintenance dog breeds similar to the Bernese Mountain Dog include the Newfoundland and the Saint Bernard. These breeds also have a gentle temperament and are good with families and children. However, it’s important to note that all dogs require proper care and attention, regardless of their maintenance level.

What are the common health issues that Bernese Mountain Dogs are prone to?
Bernese Mountain Dogs are prone to certain health issues. Some common health problems seen in this breed include hip and elbow dysplasia, cancer, bloat, and certain genetic disorders. Regular veterinary check-ups and a healthy lifestyle can help minimize the risk of these health issues.

Are Bernese Mountain Dogs known to be easy to train compared to other breeds?
Bernese Mountain Dogs are generally considered to be moderately easy to train compared to other breeds. They are intelligent and eager to please their owners. However, they can be stubborn at times, so consistent and patient training methods are necessary for their success.

Are Bernese Mountain Dogs more prone to separation anxiety compared to other breeds?
Bernese Mountain Dogs can be more prone to separation anxiety compared to other breeds. They form strong bonds with their family members and may experience distress when left alone for extended periods. Proper training and gradually increasing alone time can help alleviate separation anxiety in Bernese Mountain Dogs.

Are there any dog breeds similar to the Bernese Mountain Dog that are suitable for people with allergies?
There are no dog breeds that are completely hypoallergenic, but there are some breeds that are considered more suitable for people with allergies. Breeds such as the Poodle, Bichon Frise, and Portuguese Water Dog are often recommended for allergy sufferers due to their low-shedding coats.

What sizes of dogs similar to the Bernese Mountain Dog are best for individuals or families with limited space?
For individuals or families with limited space, smaller breeds similar to the Bernese Mountain Dog may be more suitable. Some smaller breeds with similar temperaments include the Bernese Mountain Dog’s cousin breeds, such as the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog and the Entlebucher Mountain Dog. These breeds have similar characteristics but are more compact in size.

Is the Bernese Mountain Dog breed known to be good with children with special needs?
The Bernese Mountain Dog breed is known to be good with children, including those with special needs. They are gentle, patient, and have a sweet disposition, which makes them well-suited for interacting with children of all abilities.

How does the grooming and shedding needs of the Bernese Mountain Dog?
The grooming and shedding needs of the Bernese Mountain Dog are relatively high compared to some other breeds. They have long, tri-colored fur that requires regular brushing to prevent matting and to keep shedding under control. Additionally, they tend to shed heavily, especially during seasonal changes, so frequent grooming and vacuuming may be necessary to manage their shedding.


We use reliable and publicly available data and resources such as AKC and American Canine Registry to ensure that Bernese Mountain Dog dog breed information is accurate and up to date. If you spot an error, please don’t hesitate to bring it to our attention.

Max Kozinskiy
Max Kozinskiy
Max Kozinskiy is a seasoned writer and an enthusiast of dog breed expertise. Having dedicated over 5 years to studying the intricacies of different dog breeds and their unique characteristics. His profound insights and love for our four-legged friends have made him an invaluable part of our DogsInsights.com team.

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