Belgian Sheepdog - Dog Breed Info, Temperament & Facts

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The Belgian Sheepdog is a breed known for its loyalty and intelligence. It was developed in the 1800s and had various roles, such as herding, assisting in police pursuits, and delivering messages. Today, they are great as both household pets and for performance and showing. They are a good choice if you want a friendly dog that gets along well with children and other animals. However, keep in mind that their long and dense fur means you’ll need to do some extra vacuuming around the house. They come in different colors like black, brindle, cream, and fawn. This active breed requires at least an hour of physical exercise and mental stimulation to prevent them from getting bored and finding their own (potentially costly) entertainment.

In conclusion, the Belgian Sheepdog is a devoted and intelligent breed that has had various interesting roles throughout history. They make great pets and are good with kids and other animals. Just be prepared for some extra cleaning due to their long fur. They come in different colors and require both physical and mental exercise to keep them entertained and prevent them from getting into trouble.

Below, we look at Belgian Sheepdog dog breed, its history, personality, pros and cons of owning an Belgian Sheepdog, characteristics, and must-see facts. We will also examine how to care for this breed and more. Prepare for a tail-wagging adventure into the world of Belgian Sheepdogs!

Dog Breed Belgian Sheepdog
Size Large
Weight 40-60 lbs (average)
Height 22-24″ (average)
Location Belgium
Ancestry Shepherd Dog
Date of Origin 1800s
Group Herding, Message Delivery, Carting
Life Expectancy 12-14 years
Price $1200 – $1400
Family Canidae
Scientific Name Canis Lupus Familiaris

📖 Breed History

In 1893, the Belgian Sheepdog was named after the Chateau Groenendael, the estate of Nicholas Rose, its original breeder. This beautiful estate was located outside of Brussels. However, due to the difficulty in remembering the name Groenendael, the breed also came to be known as the Belgian Sheepdog. This name is fitting as these dogs were initially used for herding sheep in the Belgian countryside. The Belgian Sheepdog is one of four sheep dog varieties, along with the Malinois, Tervuren, and Laekenois, all of which were developed by the Belgian Shepherd Dog club. In September of 1891, this club came together to establish the national standards for the ideal shepherd dog. They determined that the perfect traits of a shepherd dog included being medium-sized, square-shaped, with wide-set triangular ears and deep brown eyes. The only allowed differences between the dogs were in the texture and color of their fur. The Belgian Sheepdog meets these criteria extremely well and is truly a stunning dog. It is a blend of two breeds: the Picard d’Uccle from the Belgian Malinois family and the Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen from the Hound family. This combination has resulted in an intelligent and athletic dog that excels in herding and dog shows. Although this breed’s alert and playful personality requires a lot of energy to handle, the effort is well worth it in the long run.

🐕 Belgian Sheepdog Appearance

The Belgian Sheepdog has a double coat, like cold-weather canines. This means that they have a downy undercoat that protects the dog from the elements and a rough top coat that is ideal for wicking away water. The Belgian Sheepdog’s undercoat will vary in thickness depending on where it lives. This herding dog is a huge dog with wide-set triangular ears and dark brown eyes that resembles the European ideal for a shepherd dog. Although the hair on their head and the front of their legs is shorter than the rest of their coat, the collarette, or mass of long hair around the neck, is what best distinguishes them. This is mostly observed in males, and they also have a fringe of longer hair that falls down the backs of their front thighs and legs. The tail has a very substantial look and is hefty and lengthy. This dog’s ideal color pattern is either all-black or all-black with white highlights in the spaces between the paw pads, on the back toes, or around the forechest. Regardless of the experts’ preferred appearance, a dog’s color does not affect how wonderful of a companion or working dog they can be.

👀 Eye Color Brown
🐽 Nose Color Black
🐕 Coat Color Black, Fawn, Sable

Fun Fact: Belgian Sheepdog dogs are a social breed. They enjoy being around people or other animals. This breed doesn’t tolerate being left alone.

🐶 Traits & Temperament of Belgian Sheepdog

This sociable dog gets along well with young children and is a calm and kind creature. These inquisitive puppies are kind-hearted, although their genes do contain certain hound dog traits. Therefore, it would be a good idea to introduce small animals to a home where there is already a Belgian Sheepdog when the dog is still a puppy. These canines function best when allowed to develop beside objects that they may otherwise mistake for toys. Don’t worry if you already own an elder member of the breed. They are quite intelligent, and with the right training, they may become kind to any new animal you bring into the home. Just be sure to watch every encounter closely at first to make sure your dog understands who is acceptable for rough play and who is not.

🤝 Are Belgian Sheepdogs Friendly or Aggressive?

Belgian Sheepdog dogs are known for their friendly nature, making them a great choice for families. They are generally friendly towards strangers and are particularly good with children. Additionally, Belgian Sheepdogs tend to get along well with cats and are average in their friendliness towards other dogs. As a result of their gentle temperament, this breed is often recommended for elderly individuals who are looking for a loyal and loving companion.

This breed is known for being:

  • Active
  • Stubborn
  • Protective
  • Alert
  • Intelligent
  • Confident
  • Friendly
  • Hard
  • Working
  • Watchful

🐩 Belgian Sheepdog Care & Maintenance

The Belgian Sheepdog might not be the right pet for you if you suffer from allergies or detest the concept of dog hair all over your house. To minimize shedding, this breed must be brushed frequently because to its long, double coat. Their coat will shed a lot of hair many times a year, usually during the change of seasons. It is advisable to take them into a warm bath to assist relax the hair follicles when this occurs, followed by a thorough brushing. By doing this, you may prevent excessive shedding and tangling while also maintaining the health and brightness of your dog’s coat. Along with brushing your coat, you might want to consider brushing your teeth on a regular basis. Because they are a breed that is prone to tartar accumulation, brushing your dog’s teeth on a regular basis can help to avoid dental problems and foul breath. Consider your dog’s skin and fur while grooming them. It could be time to talk to your veterinarian about nutrition or flea control if you see any sores or spotty patches.

Belgian Sheepdog dogs tend to shed a moderate amount of hair, which is a natural part of their hair growth cycle. Regular brushing can help minimize the amount of hair that is shed. The shedding rate can vary depending on the dog’s overall health and the particular breed of Belgian Sheepdog. As for bath time, it is recommended to give these dogs a bath every 3 to 4 weeks.

🍖 Food: We recommend 2.5 cups daily, costing you about $1.20 – $1.40 daily, or approximately $34.00 – $45.00 a month.

🐾 Exercise: Belgian Sheepdog dogs need a lot of exercises. Long walks should be on a daily schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.

This dog breed requires to be walked for roughly 9 miles per week, which equates to about 60 minutes of physical activity daily. This consistent moderate exercise regimen will help maintain their physical wellness and significantly contribute to their mental stimulation. Consciously setting aside this time for your furry friend can dramatically enhance their life quality, helping them stay energetic, healthy, and mentally alert.

Did you know: Belgian Sheepdog dogs are high-energy dogs. An active lifestyle makes them happy.

❤️‍🩹 Belgian Sheepdog Health & Issues

Some of the major concerns for Belgian Sheepdog Dog Breed can be:

  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Cancer

While minor concerns include:

  • Cataracts
  • Epilepsy

🤧 Important: Is Belgian Sheepdog hypoallergenic? No.

Bonus: Check out cool, creative, and funny names for Belgian Sheepdog.

⚡ Belgian Sheepdog Dog Breed Facts

What makes the Belgian Sheepdog a great choice for families with young children?
The Belgian Sheepdog is a great choice for families with young children because they are gentle and friendly creatures. They do wonderfully with small children and are known to be kind-hearted.

Is the Belgian Sheepdog breed considered a suitable breed for apartment living?
The Belgian Sheepdog breed is not considered suitable for apartment living. They are an active breed and require at least one hour of physical activity on top of mental stimulation. They need space to roam and exercise.

How much exercise does a Belgian Sheepdog require compared to other breeds?
Compared to other breeds, the Belgian Sheepdog requires a significant amount of exercise. They are an agile canine and need at least one hour of physical activity to keep them entertained and prevent them from finding their own means of entertainment, which can be expensive to fix.

Is the Belgian Sheepdog breed known for being good with other pets?
The Belgian Sheepdog breed is known for being good with other pets, but it is recommended to introduce them to small animals while they are still young. They do best when they can grow up with something they might otherwise see as a toy. With guidance, they can learn to be gentle with any creature introduced into the family.

What are other low-maintenance dog breeds similar to the Belgian Sheepdog?
Some low-maintenance dog breeds similar to the Belgian Sheepdog include the Labrador Retriever, Golden Retriever, and Boxer. These breeds are known for their friendly and easygoing nature.

What are the common health issues that Belgian Sheepdogs are prone to?
Common health issues that Belgian Sheepdogs are prone to include hip dysplasia, epilepsy, and progressive retinal atrophy. Regular vet check-ups and proper care are important to ensure their well-being.

Are Belgian Sheepdogs known to be easy to train compared to other breeds?
Belgian Sheepdogs are known to be intelligent and easy to train. With proper guidance and training, they can quickly learn commands and behaviors.

Are Belgian Sheepdogs more prone to separation anxiety compared to other breeds?
Belgian Sheepdogs can be prone to separation anxiety, especially if not properly trained and socialized. It is important to provide them with mental stimulation and companionship to prevent this behavior.

Are there any dog breeds similar to the Belgian Sheepdog that are suitable for people with allergies?
Some dog breeds similar to the Belgian Sheepdog that are suitable for people with allergies include the Poodle, Bichon Frise, and Portuguese Water Dog. These breeds have hypoallergenic coats.

What sizes of dogs similar to the Belgian Sheepdog are best for individuals or families with limited space?
Dog sizes similar to the Belgian Sheepdog that are best for individuals or families with limited space include the Miniature Schnauzer, Cocker Spaniel, and Australian Terrier. These breeds are smaller in size but still energetic and agile.

Is the Belgian Sheepdog breed known to be good with children with special needs?
The Belgian Sheepdog breed is known to be good with children, including those with special needs. Their gentle and friendly nature makes them a suitable companion for children of all abilities.

How does the grooming and shedding needs of the Belgian Sheepdog?
The grooming and shedding needs of the Belgian Sheepdog are high. Their long thick fur requires regular brushing to prevent matting and they shed heavily. A good vacuum will be a must in any household with a Belgian Sheepdog.


We use reliable and publicly available data and resources such as AKC and American Canine Registry to ensure that Belgian Sheepdog dog breed information is accurate and up to date. If you spot an error, please don’t hesitate to bring it to our attention.

Max Kozinskiy
Max Kozinskiy
Max Kozinskiy is a seasoned writer and an enthusiast of dog breed expertise. Having dedicated over 5 years to studying the intricacies of different dog breeds and their unique characteristics. His profound insights and love for our four-legged friends have made him an invaluable part of our DogsInsights.com team.

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