Armenian Gampr - Dog Breed Info, Temperament & Facts


The Armenian Gampr is a remarkable breed that emerged in the Armenian Highlands long ago. It was primarily bred to guard livestock and has since become known for its immense size. Despite their imposing stature, these dogs are affectionate and protective towards both livestock and family members of all ages. However, they can be more serious and reserved compared to other breeds and are not generally known for being playful.

The Armenian Gampr tends to have difficulty getting along with other animals unless they are extensively socialized. Despite this, they are intelligent, bold, and typically peaceful. One notable characteristic of this breed is its exceptional health, which contributes to its longer lifespan compared to other dogs of similar size.

Ahead, we look at Armenian Gampr dog breed, its history, personality, pros and cons of owning an Armenian Gampr, characteristics, and must-see facts. We will also examine how to care for this breed and a lot more. Prepare for a tail-wagging adventure into the world of Armenian Gamprs!

Dog Breed Armenian Gampr
Weight 99-130 lbs (average)
Height 23-24″ (average)
Location Armenian Highlands
Ancestry Unknown
Date of Origin Ancient Times
Group Livestock Guardian
Life Expectancy
Family Canidae
Scientific Name Canis Lupus Familiaris

📖 Breed History

The Armenian Gampr is a large to giant-sized landrace breed that originated in the highlands of Armenia. The breed’s development was influenced by the isolated area where the dogs were located, rather than the preferences of humans. As a result, Gampr dogs were bred without constraints, leading to higher variability in their appearance and structure compared to standardized breeds. However, this variability often translates to better genetic health.

The history of domesticated dogs in the area can be traced through numerous carvings and engravings. By 1,000 BC, many of these depictions were of Gampr dogs, indicating that the breed was well-established and highly regarded. They were even believed to have inspired the Aralez, dog-like spirits known for licking the wounds of dead heroes and resurrecting them.

During the early 20th century, the invasion of the Ottoman Empire significantly reduced the population of Gampr dogs. However, it also led to their spread as they were used as foundation stock for various Turkish breeds. When the Soviet Union took control shortly after, they mixed many of the best Gampr dogs with other breeds, resulting in the Caucasian Ovcharka.

In recent years, the Armenian economy has experienced downturns, leading to a decline in the population of Gamprs. Those remaining often faced undernourishment and underdevelopment. Fortunately, as the economy has rebounded, the health of the next generation of Gampr dogs has also improved. While the population in Armenia has not fully recovered, efforts to preserve the breed in the United States have shown promise.

🐕 Armenian Gampr Appearance

Armenian Gampr dogs were bred to defend cattle from savage predators like wolves, leopards, and occasionally even Caucasian bears. The Armenian Gampr, which normally measures over two feet tall and weighs between 90 and 135 pounds, has been dealing with challenges like these for hundreds of years. It is a huge, powerful dog. They have a long, straight back, noticeable shoulder blades, and are well-muscled. These dogs have powerful, straight muzzles that are somewhat shorter than the length of their huge, massive heads. The Armenian Gampr may be found in a wide range of colors and with a variety of characteristics. Their medium-length triangular ears droop down from the sides of their head, and they do tend to have almond-shaped brown eyes in a variety of colors. In order to avoid the huge predators that they still protect against from gaining an advantage by biting and grasping their ear, dogs who are still used as livestock guards frequently have their ears trimmed. Generally speaking, males are bigger and have thicker bodies and skulls than females.

👀 Eye Color Brown
🐽 Nose Color Black
🐕 Coat Color Black, Gray, Brown, Red, Cream, Isabella, Fawn, Blue, Silver, White, Pied, Sable, Brindle

Fun Fact:

🐶 Traits & Temperament of Armenian Gampr

The Armenian Gampr is an independent and trustworthy animal that can typically be relied upon to be both brave and careful, like other livestock guardian breeds. Even among their family, they tend to be more quiet than other breeds, yet they are still passionately devoted and instinctively protective. All encounters between dogs and small children should be strictly watched since, despite their reputation for being especially friendly with youngsters, they are still strong animals. While Gamprs want a position in the family, they are less likely than other breeds to be interested in pleasing their owner and can be difficult to teach. These dogs can be quite territorial and are not naturally friendly with other dogs, so early and regular socialization is important. Socialization is frequently more successful in neutral territory because of their territorial character. This breed tends to be fairly distant and not extremely lively by nature, even when socialized.

🤝 Are Armenian Gamprs Friendly or Aggressive?

🐩 Armenian Gampr Care & Maintenance

This dog has a double-layered coat made up of a thick, well-developed undercoat and a rough, weather- and predator-resistant outer layer. Bathing should only be done occasionally, as needed, and weekly brushing with a rake will usually stop any significant matting from forming since their coats include protective oils that assist to remove dirt and debris and protect the skin. Seasonal changes are known to cause the Armenian Gampr to shed more heavily, necessitating more regular brushing. These dogs may benefit from a diet intended for large breed puppies until their growth has halted as they are known to grow more slowly than the norm. When your dog is young, start a grooming program; this will make it easier to maintain the coat, cut the nails, and brush the dog’s teeth once a week.

🍖 Food: We recommend 3 cups daily, costing you about $1.50 – $1.90 daily, or around $39.00 – $52.00 a month.

🐾 Exercise:

This dog breed requires to be walked for roughly 10 miles per week, which equates to about 45 minutes of physical activity daily. This consistent moderate exercise regimen will help maintain their physical wellness and significantly contribute to their mental stimulation. Consciously setting aside this time for your furry friend can dramatically enhance their life quality, helping them stay energetic, healthy, and mentally alert.

Did you know:

❤️‍🩹 Armenian Gampr Health & Issues

Some of the major concerns for Armenian Gampr Dog Breed can be:

  • Usually Very Healthy

While minor concerns include:

  • Joint conditions

🤧 Important: Is Armenian Gampr hypoallergenic? .

Bonus: Check out cool, creative, and funny names for Armenian Gampr.

⚡ Armenian Gampr Dog Breed Facts

What makes the Armenian Gampr a great choice for families with young children?
The Armenian Gampr is a great choice for families with young children because they are naturally protective and gentle with all family members, including children. However, interactions between the dog and children should be closely supervised due to the breed’s power and size.

Is the Armenian Gampr breed considered a suitable breed for apartment living?
The Armenian Gampr breed is not considered suitable for apartment living as they are large to giant-sized dogs that require ample space to move around and exercise.

How much exercise does a Armenian Gampr require compared to other breeds?
The Armenian Gampr requires a moderate amount of exercise compared to other breeds. Regular daily walks and playtime in a secure area are necessary to keep them physically and mentally stimulated.

Is the Armenian Gampr breed known for being good with other pets?
The Armenian Gampr breed is not known for being good with other pets. They can be territorial and do not naturally socialize well with other animals, so frequent and early socialization is necessary.

What are other low-maintenance dog breeds similar to the Armenian Gampr?
Other low-maintenance dog breeds similar to the Armenian Gampr include the Great Pyrenees, Kuvasz, and Anatolian Shepherd. These breeds are also independent and dependable livestock guardians.

What are the common health issues that Armenian Gamprs are prone to?
Like most large dog breeds, Armenian Gamprs are prone to certain health issues. Common health issues that they may be prone to include hip dysplasia, bloat, and obesity. Regular vet check-ups and a healthy diet can help manage these potential issues.

Are Armenian Gamprs known to be easy to train compared to other breeds?
Armenian Gamprs can be fairly challenging to train compared to other breeds. They are less concerned with pleasing their owners and may require additional patience and consistent training methods.

Are Armenian Gamprs more prone to separation anxiety compared to other breeds?
Armenian Gamprs are not particularly prone to separation anxiety compared to other breeds. However, individual dogs may still experience separation anxiety depending on their specific temperament and upbringing.

Are there any dog breeds similar to the Armenian Gampr that are suitable for people with allergies?
There are no specific dog breeds similar to the Armenian Gampr that are known to be suitable for people with allergies. However, individual dogs within any breed can vary in their allergenic properties, so it is important to spend time with a specific dog to determine if it triggers allergies.

What sizes of dogs similar to the Armenian Gampr are best for individuals or families with limited space?
For individuals or families with limited space, smaller-sized dog breeds similar to the Armenian Gampr, such as the Akbash or Maremma Sheepdog, may be more suitable. These breeds still possess similar characteristics but require less space to move around.

Is the Armenian Gampr breed known to be good with children with special needs?
The Armenian Gampr breed is known to be good with children in general. However, their suitability for children with special needs may vary depending on the specific needs and temperament of the child. It is important to introduce and supervise interactions between the dog and child to ensure safety and compatibility.

How does the grooming and shedding needs of the Armenian Gampr?
The grooming and shedding needs of the Armenian Gampr are relatively low compared to other breeds. They have a dense double coat that requires brushing a few times a week to remove loose hair and prevent matting. They are moderate shedders, especially during shedding seasons, so regular grooming maintenance is recommended.

We use reliable and publicly available data and resources such as AKC and American Canine Registry to ensure that Armenian Gampr dog breed information is accurate and up to date. If you spot an error, please don’t hesitate to bring it to our attention.

Max Kozinskiy
Max Kozinskiy
Max Kozinskiy is a seasoned writer and an enthusiast of dog breed expertise. Having dedicated over 5 years to studying the intricacies of different dog breeds and their unique characteristics. His profound insights and love for our four-legged friends have made him an invaluable part of our team.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Similar Dog Breeds