Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog) - Dog Breed Info, Temperament & Facts


The Appenzeller Mountain Dog is a versatile and robust breed with a mysterious lineage. They thrive when engaged in tasks like guarding farms, herding animals, or pulling small carts. Despite their strong muscles, they are not a large breed. They have a short, double coat and observant dark eyes. The Appenzeller is a black or brown dog with white and rust markings, originating from Switzerland. Health-wise, this breed generally does not have any specific breed-related issues.

The Appenzeller Mountain Dog is a resilient and healthy breed. They excel in various tasks and enjoy being given responsibilities. Their physical appearance includes a short, dense coat and attentive dark eyes. Originating from Switzerland, they are known for their symmetrical black or brown coat with white and rust markings. As for their health, the Appenzeller Mountain Dog does not commonly suffer from breed-related health problems.

Ahead, we look at Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog) dog breed, its history, personality, pros and cons of owning an Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog), characteristics, and must-see facts. We will also examine how to care for this breed and more. Prepare for a tail-wagging adventure into the world of Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog)s!

Dog Breed Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog)
Weight 49-70 lbs (average)
Height 20-21″ (average)
Location Switzerland
Ancestry mastiff
Date of Origin unknown
Group herding, guard dog, pulling carts
Life Expectancy
Family Canidae
Scientific Name Canis Lupus Familiaris

📖 Breed History

The history of the Appenzeller Mountain Dog is a topic of debate, but there are two accepted theories. One theory suggests that the breed dates back to the Bronze Age as a native breed. The other theory proposes that the Appenzeller Mountain Dog is descended from Molossus and was brought to Switzerland by the Romans. These dogs were used as herding dogs and were responsible for pulling carts to transport goods from farms in the valleys to merchants in the towns of Switzerland.

The Appenzeller Mountain Dog is one of the four recognized Swiss Sennenhunds, and it is considered the rarest. These dogs are not lazy and thrive when given a job to do. They were documented in the book “Tierleben der Alpenwelt” in 1853. In 1895, Max Siber commissioned the Swiss Cynological Society (SKG) to support the breeding of the Appenzeller Mountain Dog and establish breed characteristics. In the same year, the breed was showcased at the first international dog show. Breeding for purebred Appenzeller Mountain Dogs began in 1898.

Appenzeller Mountain Dogs are loyal and joyful companions, but they may take some time to warm up to strangers. They prefer to approach new people at their own pace. While not inherently aggressive, these dogs may display aggression if they perceive a threat to their livestock or property.

🐕 Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog) Appearance

The black or brown Appenzeller Mountain Dog has a distinctive appearance and extremely symmetrical markings. They need to be marked with white and rust, the rust between the white and the black or brown. They have a tight, thick, and lustrous topcoat on top of a double coat. Although their undercoat might be black, brown, or grey, it is very thick. Never let the topcoat show through the undercoat. The coat should be straight, without any curl or wave. A tiny wave on the back and withers is acceptable, although it is not preferred. Despite being a medium-sized dog, the Appenzeller Mountain Dog does have a substantial physique. The dog’s cheeks are where their tiny, triangular ears hang. They ought to have a curled tail and tiny, attentive eyes. They can swiftly relocate a herd to different locations on the farm thanks to their smaller stature.

👀 Eye Color Brown
🐽 Nose Color Black
🐕 Coat Color Black, White

Fun Fact:

🐶 Traits & Temperament of Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog)

When properly raised as puppies, the Appenzeller Mountain Dog is highly loving toward his family and typically gets along with domestic animals, cattle, and other dogs. To guarantee that the Appenzeller Mountain Dog understands their place in the family or on the farm, proper training and consistency are crucial. They must be aware of their status in the family pack and refrain from thinking they may challenge for a higher rank there. Mountain dogs from the Appenzeller region are very clever and rapid learners. He is simple to train to carry out a certain activity, and they like being outside. If adult Appenzeller Mountain Dogs have not been properly socialized or taught, they should be introduced to other animals gradually. If they are new to the family, they could have a great want to make their presence known within the pack. The Appenzeller Mountain Dog can develop destructive tendencies and excessive barking if not given adequate exercise. Most Appenzeller Mountain Dogs that have been given up to animal shelters or pounds came from households where there was not enough space for them to exercise or where they had not received the required training.

🤝 Are Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog)s Friendly or Aggressive?

🐩 Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog) Care & Maintenance

Despite having a shorter coat, the Appenzeller Mountain Dog has a double coat and sheds many times each year. When not shedding, he has to be brushed once a week; nevertheless, once shedding starts, daily brushing is required. Drooling is not extreme, and Appenzeller Mountain Dogs are not hypoallergenic. Dogs with drooping ears, like the Appenzeller Mountain Dog, are more likely to get ear infections and require frequent ear cleaning. Ear infections can be avoided by keeping the ears dry and clean. Trimming your nails every two to three weeks is recommended. When kids are working on the farm and with the animals, they will need to take a bath once a month. Since the Appenzeller Mountain Dog needs a lot of exercise, living in the suburbs or the city may not be the ideal option. They like to work as a herding dog outside. Lack of exercise can cause Appenzeller Mountain Dogs to bark excessively and cause damage to property.

🍖 Food: We recommend 3.5 cups daily, costing you about $1.55 – $1.95 daily, or around $40.00 – $53.00 a month.

🐾 Exercise:

This dog breed requires to be walked for roughly 10 miles per week, which equates to about 60 minutes of physical activity daily. This consistent moderate exercise regimen will help maintain their physical wellness and significantly contribute to their mental stimulation. Consciously setting aside this time for your furry friend can dramatically enhance their life quality, helping them stay energetic, healthy, and mentally alert.

Did you know:

❤️‍🩹 Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog) Health & Issues

Some of the major concerns for Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog) Dog Breed can be:

  • Usually A Very Healthy Breed

While minor concerns include:

  • Anesthesia Sensitivity/Allergy

🤧 Important: Is Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog) hypoallergenic? .

Bonus: Check out cool, creative, and funny names for Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog).

⚡ Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog) Dog Breed Facts

What makes the Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog) a great choice for families with young children?
The Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog) is a great choice for families with young children because they are known to be affectionate and get along well with kids when properly socialized. They are also very intelligent and can be trained to behave appropriately around children.

Is the Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog) breed considered a suitable breed for apartment living?
The Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog) breed is not considered suitable for apartment living. They are active dogs that require a lot of exercise and space to roam. Living in a small apartment may not provide them with enough room to meet their exercise needs.

How much exercise does a Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog) require compared to other breeds?
The Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog) requires a significant amount of exercise compared to many other breeds. They are a working breed and thrive when given a job to do. Daily exercise, such as long walks, runs, or engaging activities, is necessary to keep them mentally and physically stimulated.

Is the Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog) breed known for being good with other pets?
The Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog) breed is generally good with other pets when properly socialized and trained from a young age. With the right introductions and consistent socialization, they can coexist well with other animals in the household.

What are other low-maintenance dog breeds similar to the Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog)?
Some low-maintenance dog breeds similar to the Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog) include the Boxer, Bullmastiff, and Rottweiler. These breeds are also muscular, intelligent, and require regular exercise, but may have different grooming needs compared to the Appenzeller.

What are the common health issues that Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog)s are prone to?
Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog)s are generally a healthy breed with no particular breed-related health problems. However, like all dogs, they can still be prone to common health issues such as hip dysplasia, eye problems, and allergies. Regular veterinary check-ups are important to ensure their overall health.

Are Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog)s known to be easy to train compared to other breeds?
Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog)s are known to be highly intelligent and quick learners. With the right training methods and consistency, they can be easily trained to perform specific tasks and commands. Their intelligence and willingness to please make them a relatively easy breed to train.

Are Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog)s more prone to separation anxiety compared to other breeds?
Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog)s, like many other breeds, can be prone to separation anxiety if not properly trained and socialized. They are a loyal breed that thrives on being with their family, so leaving them alone for long periods of time can lead to anxiety and destructive behaviors.

Are there any dog breeds similar to the Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog) that are suitable for people with allergies?
Some dog breeds similar to the Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog) that are suitable for people with allergies include the Poodle, Bichon Frise, and Portuguese Water Dog. These breeds have hypoallergenic coats that produce fewer allergens, making them a better choice for individuals with allergies.

What sizes of dogs similar to the Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog) are best for individuals or families with limited space?
For individuals or families with limited space, smaller-sized dogs similar to the Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog) may be more suitable. Some options could include the Beagle, Cocker Spaniel, or Welsh Corgi, as they are smaller in size but still energetic and adaptable.

Is the Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog) breed known to be good with children with special needs?
The Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog) breed is known to be generally good with children, but their suitability for children with special needs would depend on the specific needs and behaviors of the child. Proper supervision and introductions should always be done to ensure the safety and well-being of both the child and the dog.

How does the grooming and shedding needs of the Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog)?
The grooming and shedding needs of the Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog) are relatively low compared to some other breeds. They have a short, double coat that requires regular brushing to keep it in good condition. They shed moderately throughout the year, but not excessively. Regular grooming sessions and occasional baths are usually sufficient to maintain their coat.

We use reliable and publicly available data and resources such as AKC and American Canine Registry to ensure that Appenzeller Sennenhund (Mountain Dog) dog breed information is accurate and up to date. If you spot an error, please don’t hesitate to bring it to our attention.

Max Kozinskiy
Max Kozinskiy
Max Kozinskiy is a seasoned writer and an enthusiast of dog breed expertise. Having dedicated over 5 years to studying the intricacies of different dog breeds and their unique characteristics. His profound insights and love for our four-legged friends have made him an invaluable part of our team.


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