American Leopard Hound - Dog Breed Info, Temperament & Facts


The American Leopard Hound may sound intimidating, but he is actually a gentle and relaxed dog when he is with his family. However, he shows his tough and fearless side when he is out hunting. He has been trained to track and capture large animals like bears, cattle, and wild pigs. He is skilled in silently approaching his prey and maintaining control over them with his body language and eye contact until the hunter arrives. Similarly, at home, he uses these same means to communicate with his family, expressing his needs and wants. Training this breed is relatively easy.

Ahead, we look at American Leopard Hound dog breed, its history, personality, pros and cons of owning an American Leopard Hound, characteristics, and must-know facts. We will also examine how to care for this breed and much more. Prepare for a tail-wagging adventure into the world of American Leopard Hounds!

Dog Breed American Leopard Hound
Weight 35-65 lbs (average)
Height 21-25″ (average)
Location Mexico
Ancestry Spanish Hounds, Mexican Dogs
Date of Origin Unknown
Group Hunting
Life Expectancy
Family Canidae
Scientific Name Canis Lupus Familiaris

📖 Breed History

The American Leopard Hound is believed to have descended from hounds brought by Spanish conquistadors to Mexico after Christopher Columbus discovered the new world. These dogs were then bred with Mexican dogs. Early settlers brought these dogs, known as Leopard Dogs, from Mexico into the United States for hunting wild boar and bear. The exact origins of the breed are unclear, and there is no documented evidence about its heritage. However, it is considered one of the oldest breeds in the Americas used for treeing.

In 1960, a breed club was formed for the American Leopard Hound, which was initially named American Leopard Cur. However, in 2008, the club members voted to change the name to American Leopard Hound. The club began carefully documenting the registration of dogs as American Leopard Hounds and conducted research on the breed’s significance in American history. The American Leopard Hound was traditionally used on farms to protect livestock and track down any escaped animals. Later, it became a hunting dog for game like feral pigs and bears.

The Leopard Cur was officially recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1998. In 2008, its name was changed to American Leopard Hound, and in 2012, the American Kennel Club accepted the breed into its Foundation Stock Service. This marked the beginning of its journey towards full recognition by the AKC.

🐕 American Leopard Hound Appearance

The ability of the American Leopard Hound was prioritized over appearance. However, the appearance of the American LeopardHound may vary greatly. He does have one extremely distinctive distinguishing feature, a merling-colored coat with spots. In addition to red, blue, brindle, black, yellow, and grey, he also comes in other hues. His coat is thick and short. He has a robust frame and is a medium-sized dog. His muscular hindquarters and long, lean legs enable him to readily climb trees. Because of how robust his feet are, they seldom feel sore when he is out hunting. An American Leopard Hound has a dark, mostly black-colored snout. Although an American Leopard Hound with red merle can have a brown nose. His wide-set, round eyes can be any shade of brown or yellow, and some people may have blue eyes.

👀 Eye Color Blue
🐽 Nose Color Black, Brown
🐕 Coat Color Black, Red, Blue, Brindle, Gray

Fun Fact:

🐶 Traits & Temperament of American Leopard Hound

The adorable and silly American Leopard Hound adores his family. He will develop a close relationship with his family and will go to great lengths to appease them. He will defend his family members from strangers since he is extremely protective of his children. He can get enough exercise to be healthy by playing games or just taking lengthy walks. Because he is a hound, he has excellent vocalization skills and, if left outside for an extended period of time, will irritate your neighbors with his baying and barking. He will get along well with other dogs, and having a canine companion may be advantageous for him if his family is out during the day. With other pets in the house, he has to be regularly watched and disciplined for any undesirable behaviour. Since he is smart and willing to please, training him should be rather simple. Due of his intense prey drive, you should have a sturdy fence to prevent him from harassing the neighborhood’s animals.

🤝 Are American Leopard Hounds Friendly or Aggressive?

🐩 American Leopard Hound Care & Maintenance

The rich double coat of the American Leopard Hound sheds annually. His hair tends to float in the air and settle on the furniture and clothes when he sheds because of how short his coat is. It is preferable to use a soft, moist towel to wipe off his coat or a soft slicker brush or natural bristle brush to brush him once a week. He has hanging ears, so you should check for debris or wetness once a week and clean as necessary to prevent infections from developing. To guarantee that his teeth and gums stay in good condition, a routine dental plan should be implemented. Every few weeks, check his toenails and clip as necessary. The American Leopard Hound has a canine odor and is not a hypoallergenic breed. Every few months or when he becomes particularly dirty from hunting or laboring in the fields, baths should be given to him.

🍖 Food: We recommend 3 cups daily, costing you about $1.20 – $1.40 daily, or roughly $34.00 – $45.00 a month.

🐾 Exercise:

This dog breed requires to be walked for roughly 10 miles per week, which equates to about 60 minutes of physical activity daily. This consistent moderate exercise regimen will help maintain their physical wellness and significantly contribute to their mental stimulation. Consciously setting aside this time for your furry friend can dramatically enhance their life quality, helping them stay energetic, healthy, and mentally alert.

Did you know:

❤️‍🩹 American Leopard Hound Health & Issues

Some of the major concerns for American Leopard Hound Dog Breed can be:

  • Usually A Very Healthy Breed

While minor concerns include:

  • Deafness

🤧 Important: Is American Leopard Hound hypoallergenic? .

Bonus: Check out cool, creative, and funny names for American Leopard Hound.

⚡ American Leopard Hound Dog Breed Facts

What makes the American Leopard Hound a great choice for families with young children?
The American Leopard Hound is a great choice for families with young children because they form a strong bond with their family and are protective of them, especially children. They will guard them from strangers and are known to be good with kids.

Is the American Leopard Hound breed considered a suitable breed for apartment living?
The American Leopard Hound breed is not considered suitable for apartment living due to their high exercise needs and tendency to vocalize. They require a lot of space to run and play, and their baying and barking can be disruptive to neighbors.

How much exercise does a American Leopard Hound require compared to other breeds?
The American Leopard Hound requires a significant amount of exercise compared to other breeds. They have a high prey drive and need regular physical activity to keep them mentally and physically stimulated. Long walks and games are recommended to keep them healthy.

Is the American Leopard Hound breed known for being good with other pets?
The American Leopard Hound breed can get along well with other dogs and can benefit from having a doggy playmate if their family is not home during the day. However, when it comes to other pets, they should be closely monitored and corrected when exhibiting unwanted behaviors due to their high prey drive.

What are other low-maintenance dog breeds similar to the American Leopard Hound?
Some low-maintenance dog breeds similar to the American Leopard Hound include the Basset Hound, Beagle, and Coonhound breeds. These breeds also have similar characteristics and are known to be easy-going and affectionate.

What are the common health issues that American Leopard Hounds are prone to?
American Leopard Hounds are generally a healthy breed, but they can be prone to certain health issues such as hip dysplasia, eye problems, and bloat. Regular vet check-ups and a healthy diet can help prevent or manage these conditions.

Are American Leopard Hounds known to be easy to train compared to other breeds?
American Leopard Hounds are known to be relatively easy to train compared to other breeds. They are intelligent and eager to please their owners, making them quick learners. Consistent positive reinforcement methods work well with them.

Are American Leopard Hounds more prone to separation anxiety compared to other breeds?
American Leopard Hounds are not specifically known to be more prone to separation anxiety compared to other breeds. However, like any dog, they can develop separation anxiety if not properly trained and socialized from a young age. Providing them with mental and physical stimulation, as well as a routine, can help prevent this.

Are there any dog breeds similar to the American Leopard Hound that are suitable for people with allergies?
Some dog breeds similar to the American Leopard Hound that are suitable for people with allergies include the Poodle, Bichon Frise, and Portuguese Water Dog. These breeds have hypoallergenic coats that produce fewer allergens, making them more tolerable for people with allergies.

What sizes of dogs similar to the American Leopard Hound are best for individuals or families with limited space?
For individuals or families with limited space, smaller-sized dogs similar to the American Leopard Hound, such as the Basset Hound or Beagle, may be more suitable. These breeds are smaller in size but still have similar characteristics and temperaments.

Is the American Leopard Hound breed known to be good with children with special needs?
The American Leopard Hound breed is known to be good with children, including those with special needs. They are protective of their family and can be gentle and patient with children, making them a good choice for families with special needs children.

How does the grooming and shedding needs of the American Leopard Hound?
The grooming and shedding needs of the American Leopard Hound are relatively low compared to other breeds. They have a short coat that requires minimal grooming, and they shed moderately. Regular brushing and occasional baths are usually sufficient to keep their coat healthy and clean.

We use reliable and publicly available data and resources such as AKC and American Canine Registry to ensure that American Leopard Hound dog breed information is accurate and up to date. If you spot an error, please don’t hesitate to bring it to our attention.

Max Kozinskiy
Max Kozinskiy
Max Kozinskiy is a seasoned writer and an enthusiast of dog breed expertise. Having dedicated over 5 years to studying the intricacies of different dog breeds and their unique characteristics. His profound insights and love for our four-legged friends have made him an invaluable part of our team.


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