Alano Espanol - Dog Breed Info, Temperament & Facts


Spain is the birthplace of the Alano Espanol, a large breed of dog with a strong and determined nature. Originally bred for hunting, guarding, and herding, these dogs are not suitable for those who are not experienced in handling large canines. If you are unfamiliar with training and caring for a giant dog, the Alano Espanol can present an interesting challenge. However, once properly taught, they can become loving and dedicated pets. It is important to establish yourself as a clear leader in the household to ensure their obedience. Additionally, due to their high energy levels, it is necessary to dedicate a significant amount of time each day to exercise and play with them.

In summary, the Alano Espanol is a powerful and formidable breed originating from Spain. They were bred for specific purposes such as hunting, guarding, and herding. While they can be loving and devoted companions, they require an experienced owner who can provide proper training and exercise. Establishing yourself as a strong leader and dedicating time for their energy needs are essential aspects of caring for this breed.

Below, we look at Alano Espanol dog breed, its history, personality, pros and cons of owning an Alano Espanol, characteristics, and must-know facts. We will also examine how to care for this breed and more. Prepare for a tail-wagging adventure into the world of Alano Espanols!

Dog Breed Alano Espanol
Size Large
Weight 55-77 lbs (average)
Height 22-24″ (average)
Location Spain
Ancestry Molosser-type
Date of Origin Ancient Times
Group Hunting, Guard Dog, Herding Dog
Life Expectancy 11-13 years
Price $600 – $800
Family Canidae
Scientific Name Canis Lupus Familiaris

📖 Breed History

The Alano Espanol is an ancient breed with an uncertain history. Due to the lack of documentation, there are various theories about their origin. One theory suggests that these dogs were brought to the Iberian Peninsula during the Alan invasion in 406 A. D. Similar dogs were found in other parts of Europe that were invaded by the Alans, with the largest population being in Spain.

Being an ancient breed, the Alano Espanol does not have a known specific origin. Many researchers believe that they descended from ancient molosser-type breeds and might share common ancestors with the Dogue de Bordeaux, Mastiff, or Great Dane. Throughout the centuries, these dogs were primarily used to herd wild cattle in different regions of Spain.

The Alano Espanol had five main roles. Apart from herding wild cattle, they were used in bullfights, dog fights, as big game hunters, guard dogs, and even in times of war. Due to their hunting abilities, they were also sought after for dog fighting. Additionally, they were extensively used in bullfights until the practice was banned in 1883. In the past, there were concerns about the breed’s extinction, but Carlos Contera and his colleagues managed to find a few remaining purebred Alano Espanols in southwest Spain and northern Spain.

To verify the authenticity of the breed, DNA samples from these dogs were sent to the University of Cordoba’s School of Veterinary Medicine. In the early 1980s, a group of researchers began studying the Alano Espanol’s demographic distribution. Nowadays, these dogs are still employed as guard dogs and occasionally used for herding cattle. Unfortunately, they can also be found in illegal dog fighting rings due to their strong jaws.

🐕 Alano Espanol Appearance

The Alano Espanol is a big, strong canine that looks rather archaic. Their look is said to have remained mostly unchanged for numerous centuries. They have a balanced physique with arching ribs and long, powerful legs. They have a broad, well-muscled chest. They have broad, closely spaced feet. The dog’s tail is long and thick at the base, held low, and should not rest against the dog’s back. Being brachycephalic, the Alano Espanol has shorter, flatter faces that are square in form. They do possess strong jaws that may lock shut when biting. Their dark-colored, somewhat rounded eyes give them a stern air. They are always black and have a wide, broad snout with open nostrils. When uncropped, their ears are medium in size and held folded forward; typically, they are cropped with a slightly rounded tip. Their undercoat, which is softer, is short, straight, and harsh. Red, yellow, fawn, and wolf gray are acceptable coat colors. Brindling, a black mask, or black and tan markings are possible.

👀 Eye Color Brown
🐽 Nose Color Black
🐕 Coat Color Gray, Red, Fawn, Black, Brindle

Fun Fact: Alano Espanol dogs need for social interaction is average. This breed likes being around people or other animals, but they don’t mind being left alone for a few hours either.

🐶 Traits & Temperament of Alano Espanol

This breed is not suitable for non-dominant owners since they take their jobs extremely seriously. Although the Alano Espanol is a dominating dog, with the right training, they will surrender to their master. When handled from birth, socialized early, and properly taught, they have the ability to be docile and friendly. Although they don’t bark a lot, they can become destructive if not given proper care. This breed should be strictly monitored among strangers since it does not provide a warning before attacking. When doing their duties, theAlano Espanol will fight to the death if necessary while obeying instructions and ignoring any pain or fear they may experience. These characteristics made them perfect for wild boar hunting and bullfighting. They can murder other dogs or even people if they decide to attack and their owner is unable to stop them. Training is important. The Alano Espanol is more difficult to housebreak than the majority of big breed canines.

🤝 Are Alano Espanols Friendly or Aggressive?

Alano Espanol dogs tend to get along well with other pets, but they may not be very friendly towards strangers. However, they are known to be good with children, making them a suitable choice for families with kids. When it comes to cats and other dogs, Alano Espanols have an average level of friendliness. Additionally, these dogs are often recommended for elderly individuals.

In summary, Alano Espanol dogs are generally good with other pets, but may not be very friendly towards strangers. They are kid-friendly and can be a great choice for families with children. Alano Espanols have an average level of friendliness towards cats and other dogs, and are often recommended for elderly individuals.

This breed is known for being:

  • Affectionate
  • Obedient
  • Reliable
  • Dominant
  • Patient
  • Serious

🐩 Alano Espanol Care & Maintenance

In most cases, brushing them once a month is sufficient for the Alano Espanol, unless they are shedding. Every season, they fished. It would be best to brush them at least once a week if they reside in the home to maintain their coat clean and free of stray hairs. Regular brushing also prevents smells from intensifying. Use soft slicker brushes or brushes with natural bristles for brushing. They shouldn’t need to take frequent baths to avoid developing dry skin. Use a light shampoo and take a bath no more than two or three times a year. Only the Alano Espanol and the Cane Corso are recognized molosser-type breeds that do not snore, slobber, or drool. Using either toenail clippers or a nail grinder, they trim their nails as needed every few weeks. Establish a dental practice that includes weekly tooth brushing to maintain the health of their gums and teeth.

Alano Espanol dogs are known for being low shedders, meaning they don’t lose a lot of hair. This is a natural part of their hair growth cycle and varies depending on their overall health and breed. These dogs typically require bathing every 6-8 weeks to maintain their cleanliness and hygiene.

🍖 Food: We recommend 2.8 cups daily, costing you about $1.50 – $1.90 daily, or roughly $39.00 – $52.00 a month.

🐾 Exercise: Alano Espanol dogs need a lot of exercises. Long walks should be on a daily schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.

This dog breed requires to be walked for roughly 14 miles per week, which equates to about 60 minutes of physical activity daily. This consistent moderate exercise regimen will help maintain their physical wellness and significantly contribute to their mental stimulation. Consciously setting aside this time for your furry friend can dramatically enhance their life quality, helping them stay energetic, healthy, and mentally alert.

Did you know: Alano Espanol dogs are high-energy dogs. An active lifestyle makes them happy.

❤️‍🩹 Alano Espanol Health & Issues

Some of the major concerns for Alano Espanol Dog Breed can be:

  • Usually A Very Healthy Breed

While minor concerns include:

  • Hip And Elbow Dysplasia

🤧 Important: Is Alano Espanol hypoallergenic? No.

Bonus: Check out cool, creative, and funny names for Alano Espanol.

⚡ Alano Espanol Dog Breed Facts

What makes the Alano Espanol a great choice for families with young children?
The Alano Espanol is not necessarily a great choice for families with young children due to their large size and stubborn nature. They may not tolerate rough handling and may not be patient with children.

Is the Alano Espanol breed considered a suitable breed for apartment living?
No, the Alano Espanol breed is not considered suitable for apartment living. They require a lot of exercise and space to roam.

How much exercise does a Alano Espanol require compared to other breeds?
The Alano Espanol requires a significant amount of exercise compared to other breeds. They are a high-energy dog and need daily long walks, runs, and playtime.

Is the Alano Espanol breed known for being good with other pets?
The Alano Espanol may not be good with other pets, especially small animals. They have a strong prey drive and may not be able to resist chasing or attacking smaller animals.

What are other low-maintenance dog breeds similar to the Alano Espanol?
There are no specific low-maintenance dog breeds similar to the Alano Espanol. However, some low-maintenance breeds that may be suitable for individuals who want a low-energy dog include the Basset Hound, Bulldog, or Greyhound.

What are the common health issues that Alano Espanols are prone to?
Like many large breeds, Alano Espanols are prone to certain health issues such as hip dysplasia, gastric torsion (bloat), and heart problems. Regular vet check-ups and a healthy diet are important to maintain their overall well-being.

Are Alano Espanols known to be easy to train compared to other breeds?
Alano Espanols can be challenging to train, especially for inexperienced owners. Their stubborn nature and dominant tendencies require firm and consistent training methods.

Are Alano Espanols more prone to separation anxiety compared to other breeds?
Alano Espanols can be prone to separation anxiety if not properly trained and socialized. They are a breed that thrives on human companionship and can become destructive or anxious when left alone for long periods of time.

Are there any dog breeds similar to the Alano Espanol that are suitable for people with allergies?
There are no specific dog breeds similar to the Alano Espanol that are known for being hypoallergenic or suitable for people with allergies. However, some hypoallergenic breeds that are similar in size include the Portuguese Water Dog, Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier, or Standard Poodle.

What sizes of dogs similar to the Alano Espanol are best for individuals or families with limited space?
For individuals or families with limited space, smaller dogs similar to the Alano Espanol may be more suitable. Some options could include the Staffordshire Bull Terrier, Boxer, or American Bulldog.

Is the Alano Espanol breed known to be good with children with special needs?
The Alano Espanol may not be the best choice for children with special needs due to their size and strong-willed nature. It is important to choose a breed that is known for being patient, gentle, and highly trainable.

How does the grooming and shedding needs of the Alano Espanol?
The grooming needs of the Alano Espanol are relatively low compared to other breeds. They have a short coat that only requires occasional brushing to remove dead hair. They are moderate shedders and do not require frequent bathing.

We use reliable and publicly available data and resources such as AKC and American Canine Registry to ensure that Alano Espanol dog breed information is accurate and up to date. If you spot an error, please don’t hesitate to bring it to our attention.

Max Kozinskiy
Max Kozinskiy
Max Kozinskiy is a seasoned writer and an enthusiast of dog breed expertise. Having dedicated over 5 years to studying the intricacies of different dog breeds and their unique characteristics. His profound insights and love for our four-legged friends have made him an invaluable part of our team.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Similar Dog Breeds