Afghan Spaniel - Dog Breed Info, Temperament & Facts


The Afghan Spaniel is a fascinating mix of two dogs who both enjoy playing and hunting. The Afghan Hound is known for its elegance and speed, while the Cocker Spaniel is recognized for its gentle and eager-to-please nature. The English and American varieties of the Cocker Spaniel are similar in size, energy, appearance, and temperament. However, it is worth noting that before the establishment of the English Cocker Spaniel Club in America in 1936, these two breeds were considered the same. The split between the English Cocker Spaniel Club and the American breeders occurred due to the modifications made to the Cocker Spaniel breed in America.

Below, we look at Afghan Spaniel dog breed, its history, personality, pros and cons of owning an Afghan Spaniel, characteristics, and must-see facts. We will also examine how to care for this breed and a lot more. Prepare for a tail-wagging adventure into the world of Afghan Spaniels!

Dog Breed Afghan Spaniel
Size Large
Weight 30-45 lbs (average)
Height 19-23″ (average)
Location United States
Ancestry Afghan Hound, Cocker Spaniel
Date of Origin Unknown
Group Sporting
Life Expectancy 12-14 years
Price $900 – $1200
Family Canidae
Scientific Name Canis Lupus Familiaris

📖 Breed History

The Afghan Spaniel is a relatively new breed, so not much is known about its specific characteristics. However, we can gain some insight by looking at the histories of its parent breeds. The Afghan Hound, one of the oldest breeds in history, originated in Ancient Egypt and was used for hunting gazelle and rabbits. These beautiful dogs were brought down from the mountains of Afghanistan in the early 1800s, where they had lived isolated for centuries. Initially known as Barukhzy Hounds or Persian Greyhounds, they were later renamed after their place of origin. The Afghan Hound gained popularity in the United States in 1926 when it was recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC), though it remained mainly favored by the wealthy.

The Cocker Spaniel belongs to a larger family of Spaniels, which includes seven different varieties. These varieties are the Welsh Springer Spaniel, Sussex Spaniel, Irish Water Spaniel, Field Spaniel, English Springer Spaniel, Cocker Spaniel, and Clumber Spaniel. The Spaniels were categorized based on whether they were water or land Spaniels, with multiple types within each category. Dating back to the 1300s, the Cocker Spaniel was described by Gaston Phebus. It has become one of the most popular breeds in the United States and has been a member of the American Kennel Club (AKC) since 1878. The name “Cocker” comes from the breed’s special ability to hunt woodcock.

Overall, while the Afghan Spaniel is a newer breed with limited information available, we can gain some understanding of its potential characteristics by considering the histories of its parent breeds, the Afghan Hound and the Cocker Spaniel.

🐕 Afghan Spaniel Appearance

A medium-sized dog, the Afghan Spaniel has a well-balanced physique with strong legs, a big head and nose, a long neck, and fluffy dangling ears. They are protected from the cold by a long, thin outer coat and a dense undercoat. Depending on the coloring of the parents, the Afghan Spaniel comes in a wide range of color combinations. The most often seen hues include variations of these hues as well as cream, white, golden, black, light brown, and brown. They appear to understand what you are talking about due to their curious gaze and dark oval eyes. Depending on which characteristics are more prominent, the Afghan Spaniel often resembles a shorter Afghan Hound or a smaller-boned Cocker Spaniel.

👀 Eye Color Brown
🐽 Nose Color Black, Brown
🐕 Coat Color Black, Gray, Brown, Red, Silver, Cream, Fawn

Fun Fact: Afghan Spaniel dogs are a social breed. They enjoy being around people or other animals. This breed doesn’t tolerate being left alone.

🐶 Traits & Temperament of Afghan Spaniel

The temperament of their parent breeds is the greatest indicator of how they will turn out because there is little information available about this breed. The Cocker Spaniel is a devoted and endearing family companion that enjoys snuggling just as much as she enjoys going on hunts. They get along nicely with kids and animals and are far too amiable to serve as a security dog. Due of their independence and potential caution around strangers, Afghan Hounds make excellent protection dogs. If you do not give them enough attention to prevent boredom, they may become destructive, therefore if you are frequently gone from home, you should think twice about getting one of these dogs. They are content, though, if they can spend the entire day chasing the neighboring squirrels in a fenced yard.

🤝 Are Afghan Spaniels Friendly or Aggressive?

Afghan Spaniel dogs are generally good with other pets, including cats, and are average in their friendliness towards strangers. They are also known to be very kid-friendly and enjoy being around children. Additionally, Afghan Spaniels are dog-friendly, making them a great choice if you want to have multiple dogs or participate in dog meetups. This breed is also considered one of the best options for elderly people.

This breed is known for being:

  • Playful
  • Aloof
  • Dignified
  • Independent
  • Clownish
  • Happy
  • Intelligent
  • Friendly
  • Affectionate
  • Trainable
  • Quiet
  • Faithful

🐩 Afghan Spaniel Care & Maintenance

The long, silky hair of both the Afghan Hound and the Cocker Spaniel requires a lot of maintenance. Therefore, to prevent the coat from becoming matted and to maintain good skin, be ready to brush your Afghan Spaniel at least three times every week. Another option is to have your dog professionally groomed and trimmed every few months. When necessary, give your dog a bath using a mild shampoo and conditioner designed specifically for dogs with fine hair.

The Afghan Spaniel dogs have a moderate level of shedding, which is a normal part of their hair growth cycle. Regular brushing helps to minimize the amount of hair that is shed. The shedding patterns can vary depending on the health and breed of the dog. It is recommended to give them a bath every 3-4 weeks.

🍖 Food: We recommend 2.5 cups daily, costing you about $1.20 – $1.40 daily, or approximately $34.00 – $45.00 a month.

🐾 Exercise: Afghan Spaniel dogs need quite a lot of exercise. Daily walks should be on schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.

This dog breed requires to be walked for roughly 9 miles per week, which equates to about 45 minutes of physical activity daily. This consistent moderate exercise regimen will help maintain their physical wellness and significantly contribute to their mental stimulation. Consciously setting aside this time for your furry friend can dramatically enhance their life quality, helping them stay energetic, healthy, and mentally alert.

Did you know: Afghan Spaniel dogs are high-energy dogs. An active lifestyle makes them happy.

❤️‍🩹 Afghan Spaniel Health & Issues

Some of the major concerns for Afghan Spaniel Dog Breed can be:

  • Entropion
  • Ectropion
  • Retinal Dysplasia
  • Seborrhea
  • Gastric Dilation Volvulus (GDV) or Bloat

While minor concerns include:

  • Cataracts
  • Skin Fold Dermatitis
  • Anesthesia Sensitivity/Allergy
  • Exposure Keratopathy Syndrome

🤧 Important: Is Afghan Spaniel hypoallergenic? No.

Bonus: Check out cool, creative, and funny names for Afghan Spaniel.

⚡ Afghan Spaniel Dog Breed Facts

What makes the Afghan Spaniel a great choice for families with young children?
The Afghan Spaniel is a great choice for families with young children because both of its parent breeds, the Afghan Hound and the Cocker Spaniel, are known for being friendly and good with children. The Afghan Spaniel is loyal and lovable, making it a suitable companion for kids.

Is the Afghan Spaniel breed considered a suitable breed for apartment living?
The Afghan Spaniel breed may not be considered suitable for apartment living due to its need for exercise and space. This breed requires a fenced yard where they can run and chase, so apartment living may not provide enough room for them to thrive.

How much exercise does a Afghan Spaniel require compared to other breeds?
The Afghan Spaniel requires a significant amount of exercise compared to other breeds. Both the Afghan Hound and the Cocker Spaniel are energetic dogs, and the Afghan Spaniel inherits this energy. Regular exercise, including long walks and playtime, is necessary to keep them mentally and physically stimulated.

Is the Afghan Spaniel breed known for being good with other pets?
The Afghan Spaniel breed is known for being good with other pets. While the Afghan Hound may be wary of strangers, it can socialize well with other animals, including other dogs and cats. Proper socialization and introductions are important for any breed to ensure positive interactions.

What are other low-maintenance dog breeds similar to the Afghan Spaniel?
Some low-maintenance dog breeds similar to the Afghan Spaniel include the Basenji and the Whippet. These breeds are known for their minimal grooming needs and relatively low exercise requirements.

What are the common health issues that Afghan Spaniels are prone to?
Afghan Spaniels can be prone to certain health issues, including hip dysplasia, ear infections, and eye problems such as cataracts and progressive retinal atrophy. Regular vet check-ups and proper care are essential to maintain their overall health.

Are Afghan Spaniels known to be easy to train compared to other breeds?
Afghan Spaniels can be challenging to train compared to some other breeds. They have an independent nature inherited from the Afghan Hound, which can make them less responsive to commands. Consistent and patient training methods are necessary to achieve desired results.

Are Afghan Spaniels more prone to separation anxiety compared to other breeds?
Afghan Spaniels may be more prone to separation anxiety compared to some other breeds. Due to their loyal nature, they can become distressed when left alone for long periods. Early socialization and gradually increasing alone time can help mitigate separation anxiety.

Are there any dog breeds similar to the Afghan Spaniel that are suitable for people with allergies?
Some dog breeds similar to the Afghan Spaniel that are suitable for people with allergies include the Poodle and the Bichon Frise. These breeds have hypoallergenic coats that produce fewer allergens, making them more suitable for individuals with allergies.

What sizes of dogs similar to the Afghan Spaniel are best for individuals or families with limited space?
Smaller-sized dogs similar to the Afghan Spaniel, such as the English Cocker Spaniel or the American Cocker Spaniel, may be better for individuals or families with limited space. These breeds are similar in appearance and temperament to the Afghan Spaniel but are smaller in size.

Is the Afghan Spaniel breed known to be good with children with special needs?
The Afghan Spaniel breed can be good with children with special needs, but it is important to consider the specific needs of the child and the dog’s temperament. Proper introductions, supervision, and training are necessary to ensure a safe and positive interaction between the dog and the child.

How does the grooming and shedding needs of the Afghan Spaniel?
The grooming needs of the Afghan Spaniel are high compared to many other breeds. Their long, silky coat requires regular brushing and occasional professional grooming to prevent mats and tangles. They are also moderate shedders, so regular vacuuming may be necessary to keep the home clean.

We use reliable and publicly available data and resources such as AKC and American Canine Registry to ensure that Afghan Spaniel dog breed information is accurate and up to date. If you spot an error, please don’t hesitate to bring it to our attention.

Max Kozinskiy
Max Kozinskiy
Max Kozinskiy is a seasoned writer and an enthusiast of dog breed expertise. Having dedicated over 5 years to studying the intricacies of different dog breeds and their unique characteristics. His profound insights and love for our four-legged friends have made him an invaluable part of our team.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Similar Dog Breeds